A Modified Solvay-Cycle Cryogenic Refrigerator

  • R. C. Longsworth
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 16)

Abstract

During the evolution of small cryogenic refrigerators, there has been an interplay between certain applications demanding the development of new refrigerators and the existence of new refrigerators opening the doors to new applications. The Collins helium liquefier is a well-known example of a unit which, when first built, was expected to have a very limited market as a laboratory liquefier. However, the availability of this unique machine generated many new uses that could not have been predicted before it was built. Another example is the Joule-Thompson cooler which was developed for military infrared detector systems, but was soon utilized in a slightly modified form in diverse applications in research laboratories.

Keywords

Helium Refrigeration Blow Down 

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References

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    S. C. Collins and R. L. Cannaday, Expansion Machines For Low Temperature Processes, Oxford University Press, Amen House, London (1958), p. 41.Google Scholar
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    K. W. Taconis, U.S. Patent 2,567,454.Google Scholar
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    W. E. Gifford and H. O. McMahon, in: Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Refrigeration, Vol. 1, Copenhagen, Denmark (Aug. 1959), p. 100.Google Scholar
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    W. E. Gifford, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 11, Plenum Press, New York (1961), p. 152.Google Scholar
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    J. L. Smith, Cryogenics, 5 (6):306 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    T. R. Strobridge, “Refrigeration for Superconducting and Cryogenic Systems,” presented at 1969 Particle Accelerator Conference, March 5–7, 1969. Washington, D.C. To be published in IEEE Trans. Nuclear Science. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. Longsworth
    • 1
  1. 1.Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.AllentownUSA

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