High-Performance Spray-Foam Insulation for Application on Saturn S-II Stage

  • F. E. Mack
  • M. E. Smith
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 16)


Space boosters using liquid hydrogen as a propellant require insulation to minimize the heat leak into the liquid for ground and boost operations. Thus, during the early design phase of the Saturn S-II program, it was decided to apply an external insulation primarily to take advantage of the increased strength properties of the aluminum-alloy tank skin at cryogenic temperature.


Liquid Hydrogen Foam Material Insulation System Heat Leak Foam Property 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. E. Mack
    • 1
  • M. E. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Space DivisionNorth American RockwellDowneyUSA

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