Structural Studies of Functional Pathways in Goldfish Retina

  • William K. Stell
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 1)


Fish retinas have long been favoured for electrophysiological investigations of single cells. Their popularity is due largely to their long survival in vitro, the size of their cells, and the ability of many of them to respond selectively to light of different wave-lengths. Various investigators have recorded from ganglion cells (Wagner et al, 1960; Daw, 1968; Beauchamp and Daw, 1972; Raynauld, 1972; Spekreijse et al, 1972), amacrine and bipolar cells (Kaneko, 1970, 1973; Toyoda, 1973), horizontal cells (Tomita, 1963, 1965; Kaneko, 1970; Kaneko and Yamada, 1972), and cone cells (Tomita et al, 1967) in carp and goldfish with some facility. Yet their recordings to date have revealed only the barest outlines of retinal pathways for specific rod and cone information.


Bipolar Cell Amacrine Cell Visual Pigment Horizontal Cell Double Cone 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • William K. Stell
    • 1
  1. 1.Jules Stein Eye InstituteUCLA Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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