Advertisement

Distribution and Development of Retinomotor Responses

  • M. A. Ali
  • H.-J. Wagner
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 1)

Abstract

Retinomotor responses as we understand them are almost completely restricted to the teleosts among fishes (see also Ali, this volume). Outside this group they occur only in the holostean, Amia, which is closely related to the teleosts. In Amia only the epithelial pigment and the rods move and even these responses are low in amplitude. Among the teleosts retinomotor responses occur in a large number of species belonging to a wide variety of orders, families and genera and occupying different habitats.

Keywords

Atlantic Salmon Shelf Water Active Swimmer Schooling Fish Visual Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ali, M. A. (1959). The ocular structure, retinomotor and photo-behavioural responses of juvenile Pacific salmon. Can. J. Zool 37: 965–996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ali, M.A. (1961). Histophysiological studies on the juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) retina. II. Responses to light or dark. Can. J. Zool. 39: 511–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ali, M. A. (1963). Correlation of some retinal and morphological measurements from the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Growth 27: 57–76.Google Scholar
  4. Ali, M. A. (1964a). Retinomotor responses of the goldfish (Carassius auratus) to unilateral photic stimulation. Rev. Can. Biol. 23: 45–53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Ali, M. A. (1964b). Retinomotor responses in the enucleated eyes of the brown bullhead (Ictalurus nebulosus) and the goldfish (Carassius auratus). Rev. Can. Biol. 23: 55–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ali, M. A. (1964c). Retina of the albino splake (Salvelinus fontinalis x S. namaycush). Can. J. Zool. 42: 1158–1160.Google Scholar
  7. Ali, M. A. (1965). Retinal structure in the Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus L.). J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 22: 221–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ali, M. A., and Anetil, M. (1968). Correlation entre la structure retinienne et l’habitat chez Stizostedion vitreum vitreum et S. canadense. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 25: 2001–2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ali, M. A., and Anetil, M. (1974). Retinomotor responses and isolated photoreceptors in Amia calva (Holostei, Amiidae). Copeia 2: 379–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ali, M. A., and Anetil, M. (1973). Retina of the South American Lungfish. Lepidosiren paradoxa Fitzinger. Can. J. Zool. 51: 696–972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ali, M. A., Anctil, M., and Mohideen, H. M. (1968). Structure rétinienne et la vascularisation intraoculaire chez quelques poissons marins de la région de Gaspé. Can. J. Zool. 46: 729–745.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ali, M. A., and Hanyu, I. (1963). A comparative study of retinal structure in some fishes from moderately deep waters of the Western North Atlantic. Can. J. Zool. 41: 225–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ali, M. A., and Raymond, N. (1972). La retine de piranha (Serrasalmus marginatus). Revista de Biologia 8: 27–32.Google Scholar
  14. Ali, M. A., Stevenson, W. R., and Press, J. S. (1961). Histo-physiological studies on the juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) retina. I. Rates of light- and dark-adaptation. Can. J. Zool. 39: 123–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Anctil, M. (1969). Structure de la retine chez quelques teleosteens marins du plateau continental. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 26: 597–628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Anctil, M., and Ali, M. A. (1970). Retina of Exoceotus volitans and Fodiator acutus (Pisces: Exocoetidae). Copeia 1: 43–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Arey, L. B. (1916). The movements in the visual cells and retinal pigment of the lower vertebrates. J. comp. Neurol. 26: 121–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Arey, L. B., and Mundt, G. H. (1941). A persistent diurnal rhythm in visual cones. Anat. Rec. (Suppl.) 79: 5–11.Google Scholar
  19. Arnott, H. J., Maciolek, N. J., and Nicol, J.A.C. (1970). Retinal tapetum lucidum; A novel reflecting system in the eye of teleosts. Science, (Washington), 169: 478–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Arnott, H. J., Nicol, J.A.C., and Querfeld, C. W. (1972). Tapeta lucida in the eyes of the seatrout (Sciaenidae). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 180: 247–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Arnott, H.J., Best, A. C. G., Ito, S., and Nicol, J. A.C. (1974). Studies on the eyes of catfish with special reference to the tapetum lucidum. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 186: 13–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Blaxter, J.H.S. (1968). Light intensity, vision and feeding in young plaice. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 2: 293–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Blaxter, J.H.S., and Jones, M. P. (1967). The development of the retina and retinomotor responses in the herring. J. mar. biol. Ass. U. K. 47: 677–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Blaxter, J.H.S., and Staines, M. (1970). Pure-cone retinae and retinomotor responses in larval teleosts. J. mar. biol. Ass. U. K. 50: 449–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Braemer, W. (1957). Verhaltensphysiologische Untersuchungen am optischen Apparat bei Fischen. Z. vergl. Physiol. 39: 374–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Cheze, G. (1974). L’épiphyse des poissons téléostéens. Technniques d’ approche. Recherches morphologiques et expérimentales. Thése D. ès Sciences Naturelles. Université Paul Sabatier de Toulouse, pp. 352.Google Scholar
  27. Engström, K. (1961). Cone types and cone arrangement in the retina of some gadids. Acta Zool. 17: 227–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Engström, K. (1963a). Structure, organization and ultrastructure of the visual cells in the teleost family Labridae. Acta Zool. 19: 1–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Engström, K. (1963b). Cone types and cone arrangements in teleost retinae. Acta Zool. 19: 179–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Engström, K., and Rosstorp, E. (1963). Photomechanical responses in different cone types of Leuciscus rutilus. Acta Zool 19: 145–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Exner, S., and Januschke, H. (1905). Über Verschiebung der Tapetummasse in Chorioidealepithel unter dem Einfluß des Lichtes. Zentralbl. Physiol. 19: 327–328.Google Scholar
  32. Exner, S., and Januschke, H. (1906). Die Stäbchenwanderung im Auge von Abramis brama bei Lichtveränderungen. Sitz. — Ber. Akad. Wissensch. Wien, Math.-Nat. Kl. 115: 243–244.Google Scholar
  33. Fineran, B.A., and Nicol, J.A. C. (1974). Studies on the eye of New Zealand parrotfishes (Labridae). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 186: 217–247.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Frisch, v. K. (1924). Sinnesphysiologie der Wasserthiere. Verh. Dt. Zool. Ges. 29: 34.Google Scholar
  35. Girsa, LI. (1967). Specific retinomotor reaction features of the retina of the eye when fish are being lured by light. Vop. Ikhtiol. 7: 540–546.Google Scholar
  36. Greenwood, P. H., Rosen, D.E., Weitzman, S.H., and Myers, G.S. (1966). Phyletic studies of teleostean fishes, with a provisional classification of living forms. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 131: 341–455.Google Scholar
  37. John, K. R., and Haut, M. (1964). Retinomotor cycles and correlated behavior in the teleost Astyanax mexicanus (Fillipi). J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 21: 591–595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. John, K. R., Segall, M., and Zawatzky, L. (1967). Retinomotor rhythms in the goldfish, Carassius auratus. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 132: 200–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. John, K. R., and Gring, D.M. (1968). Retinomotor rhythms in the bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 25: 373–381.Google Scholar
  40. John, K. R., and Kaminester, C.H. (1969). Further studies on retinomotor rhythms in the teleost Astyanax mexicanus. Physiol. Zool 42: 60–70.Google Scholar
  41. Kobayashi, H. (1957). Notes on retinomotorphenomena in some fishes under various light conditions. J. Shimonoseki Coll. Fish 7: 169–177.Google Scholar
  42. Kuenzer, P., and Wagner, H. -J. (1969). Bau und Anordnung der Sehzellen und Horizontalen in der Retina von Nannacara anomala (Cichlidae, Teleostei). Z. Morph. Tiere, 65: 209–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Müller, H. (1954). Die Dunkeladaptation beim Guppy (Lebistes reticulatus P.) Z. vergl. Physiol. 37: 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Nicol, J.A.C. (1961). Photomechanical changes in the eyes of fishes. I. Retinomotor changes in Solea solea. J. mar. biol. Ass. U. K. 41: 695–698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Nicol, J.A.C. (1965). Retinomotor changes in flatfishes. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 22: 513–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. O’Connell, C. P. (1963). The structure of the eye of Sardinops caerulea, Engraulis mordax, and four other pelagic marine teleosts. J. Morph. 113: 287–329.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Olla, B.L., and Marchioni, W.W. (1968). Rhythmic movements of cones in the retina of Bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, held in constant darkness. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 135: 530–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Peyraud, C. M. (1966). Contribution à l’etude de la dynamique des pigments et des photorécepteurs rétiniens chez la carpe (Caprinus carpio L.). C. r. Acad. Sci. Paris 263: 65–67.Google Scholar
  49. Pfeiffer, W. (1968). Retina und Retinomotorik der Dipnoi und Brachiopterygii. Z. Zeilforsch. 89: 62–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pora, E.A., Wittenberg, C., Rusdea, D., and Dragos, M. (1963). Observations on retinomotor phenomena among some fishes of the Black Sea. Stud. Cercet. Biol. 14:299–304.Google Scholar
  51. Protasov, V.R. (1964). Some features of the vision of fishes. Inst. Morfologii Zhivotnykh, Akad. Nauk. SSSR pp. 29–48. Translation Mar. Lab. Aberdeen, No. 949.Google Scholar
  52. Protasov, V.R., Altukhov, Y.P., and Kovaleva, N.D. (1960). Morphological and functional features of the transition from day vision to twilight vision in some Black Sea fish. Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 134: 195–198.Google Scholar
  53. Protasov, V.R., Altukhov, Y.P., and Kovaleva, N.D. Translation in Dokl. biol. Sci. sect. 134:694–696 (1961).Google Scholar
  54. Saxen, L. (1954). The development of the visual cells. Embryo-logical and physiological investigations on Amphibia. Ann. acad. sc. Fenn. Ser. A., IV Biologica 23: 1–93.Google Scholar
  55. Tamura, T. (1957). On the relation between the intensity of illumination and the shifting of cones in the fish retina. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish 22: 742–746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Verrier, M. L. (1928). Recherches sur les yeux et la vision des poissons. Suppl. au Bull. biologique de France et de Belgique, Suppl. XI.Google Scholar
  57. Wagner, H. -J. (1970). Der Bau der Retina und der multiplen optischen Pupille bei zwei Synodontis-Arten (Teleostei, Siluroidae). Z. Morph. Tiere 68: 69–82.Google Scholar
  58. Wagner, H. -J. (1972). Vergleichende Untersuchungen über das Muster der Sehzellen und Horizontalen in der Teleostier-Retina (Pisces). Z. Morph. Tiere 72: 77–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Wagner, H. -J. (1974). Die Entwicklung der Nezthaut von Nanna-cara anomala (Cichlidae, Teleostei) mit besonderer Berücksichtigung regionaler Differenzierungsunterschiede. Z. Morph. Tiere 79: 113–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Wang, C.S.J. (1968). The Eye of Fishes with Special References to Pigment Migration, 291 p. Ph. D. Thesis, Cornell University.Google Scholar
  61. Weidemann, H. L. (1966). Der Einfluß quantengleicher Farblichter auf die Retinomotorik dreier Zapfentypen in der Netzhaut des Guppy (Lebistes reticulatus Peters). 49 p. Thesis, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen.Google Scholar
  62. Wunder, W. (1926b). Über den Bau der Netzhaut von Süßwasserfischen, die in großer Tiefe leben. Z. vergl. Physiol. 4: 22–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Wunder, W. (1930). Bau und Funktion der Netzhaut beim Zander (Lucioperca = Stizostedion sandra) und einigen anderen im Balatonsee häufigen Fischarten. Z. vergl. Physiol. 11:749.Google Scholar
  64. Zyznar, E. S. (1973). A study of the tapeta lucida of eight teleost fishes.-Ph. D. thesis. University of Texas. Austin, Texas. pp. 148.Google Scholar
  65. Zyznar, E. S., and Ali, M. A. (1975). An interpretative study of the organization of the visual cells and tapetum lucidum of Stizostedion. Can. J. Zool. (in press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Ali
    • 1
    • 2
  • H.-J. Wagner
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Dépt. de Biol.Univ. de MontréalCanada
  2. 2.Lehrstuhl für Morphologie & AnatomieUniversität RegensburgGermany

Personalised recommendations