Tapeta Lucida and the Organisation of Visual Cells in Teleosts

  • Edward Zyznar
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 1)


The tapetum lucidum is often typified as a reflecting layer which returns light transmitted through the retina to the visual cells. In primitive fishes tapeta are smooth and mirror-like lying in the choroid. The tapeta of most teleosts are found in cells of the pigment epithelium modified with long processes which extend vitread and contain reflecting material. Considerable variation occurs in the structure of the processes and the organisation of the visual cells. This variation and its implications to vision will be herein discussed.


Outer Segment Visual Cell Dark Pigment Single Tier Dorosoma Cepedianum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ali, M.A. and Hanyu, I., (1963). A comparative study of retinal structure in some fishes from moderately deep waters of the western North Atlantic. Can. J. Zool. 41: 225–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arnott, H.J., Nicol, J.A.C. and Querfeld, C.W. (1972). Tapeta lucida in the eyes of the seatrout (Sciaenidae). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. Biol. Sci. 180: 247–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brauer, A. (1908). Die Tiefseefische. B. Augen, Wissenchaftliche Ergebnisse der deutschen Tiefsee. Expedition auf dem Dampfel “Valdivia” 1898–99, edited by C. Chun, Bd. 15: II. Anatomische Teil.Google Scholar
  4. Harosi, F.I. (1971). Frog rhodopsin in situ: orientational and spectral changes in the chromatophores of isolated retinal rod cells. Ph.D. Dissertation. Johns Hopkins University.Google Scholar
  5. Liebman, P.A. (1962). In situ microspectrophotometric studies on the pigments of single retinal rods. Biophys. J. 2: 161–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Locket, N.A. (1971). Retinal anatomy in some Scopelarchid deep-sea fishes. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. Biol. Sci. 178: 168–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McEwan, M.R. (1938). A comparison of the retina of the mormyrids with that of various other teleosts. Acta. Zool. 19: 427–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Moore, G.A. (1944). The retinae of two North American teleosts, with special reference to their tapeta lucida. J. Comp. Neurol. 80: 369–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Nicol, J.A.C., Arnott, H.J. and Best, A.C.G. (1973). Tapeta lucida in bony fishes (Actinopterygii): a survey. Can. J. Zool. 51: 69–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nicol, J.A.C., Thurston, E.L. and Zyznar, E.S. The tapetum lucidum of cuskeels. Can. J. Zool. (In press)Google Scholar
  11. O’Connell, C.P. (1963). The structure of the eye of Sardinops caerulea, Engraulis mordax, and four other pelagic marine teleosts. J. Morphol. 113: 287–319.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Zyznar, E.S. and Ali, M.A. An interpretative study of the organization of the visual cells and tapetum lucidum of Stizostedion, Can. J. Zool. (In press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Zyznar
    • 1
  1. 1.Département de BiologieUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada

Personalised recommendations