Molecular Biology of Male Gamete Development in Plants—An Overview

  • James D. Astwood
  • Robert D. Hill


This chapter describes the biology of pollen development emphasizing (where possible) biochemical, physiological, and genetic events as they are known to occur in cereals generally and barley (Hordeum vulgare) specifically. Inasmuch as it is ultimately impossible to separate these phenomena, attention to their discrete consequences will be instructive. Pollen mother cells undergo reductional divisions and further divide twice to become mature tricellular haploid gametes in a process that can last several weeks and even years in some gymnosperms. Throughout this program, enzyme activity, translation, transcription, and DNA replication all proceed in a differential but scheduled manner. That schedule is fatally tied to environmental conditions, hormonal conditions, and expression of specific genes in the reproductive phase plant.


Pollen Tube Male Sterility Pollen Development Mature Pollen Male Gametophyte 
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© University of Manitoba 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • James D. Astwood
  • Robert D. Hill

There are no affiliations available

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