The combined effects of mass and geometry are major factors in structural strength. This chapter will focus on the role of geometry. The geometric surfaces used in architectural structures have been generated from different approaches developed over thousands of years of building experience. As discussed in previous chapters, when dealing with masonry the requirements of the material itself imposed forms that resolved superimposed loads by means of internal forces acting in compression. Having adopted by trial and error the geometric surfaces able to satisfy these requirements, the builder then needed to adopt geometric surfaces that would lend themselves to the requirements of the space designed. This geometry resulted intuitively from the building’s structural and spatial requirements, as seen in domes.
KeywordsThin Shell Geometric Surface Housing Project Translational Surface Neutral Plane
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