The layman’s definition of shell brings to mind the vision of a thin continuous surface enclosing an object. The surface of a seashell or of an egg are obvious examples. Likewise, when we talk of structures enclosing buildings, what comes most readily to mind is the continuous surfaces of vaults and domes that have become the major expressions of classical architecture with the evolution of masonry.
KeywordsDead Load Live Load Allowable Stress Base Ring Brick Masonry
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- 1.Portland Cement Association, “Design of Circular Domes.” Publication IS076. OID, undated. Available from Portland Cement Association.Google Scholar
- 2.Brick Institute of America, Recommended Practice for Engineered Brick Masonry. Reprinted 1986.Google Scholar
- 3.See, for example, E. Baldwin Smith, The Dome: A Study in the History of Ideas (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1971).Google Scholar
- 4.See, for example, E. Baldwin Smith, The Dome: A Study in the History of Ideas (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1971).Ibid., 10–41.Google Scholar