Effects of an Affective Drug Abuse Prevention Program on Inner City Black Youth
With the goal of reinforcing the drug-free experience, this program offered an affective approach to drug abuse prevention intended for teenagers from an inner city minority population. Through informal seminars including films and discussion, youngsters were led to explore their feelings and goals for the future, and the possible effects of drug use on these goals. About 80 teenagers from lower socioeconomic areas of Boston took part in the six-week program during the summer of 1977. Almost all the participants were black.
Change in attitude was determined by a pre- and post-test designed to measure participants’ prediction of future life outcomes with regard to 18 factors including marriage and family, career happiness, success, respect and appearance, under each each of three drug use conditions: none (“if you do not use any drugs”), occasional (“if you get high now and then”) , and frequent (“if you get high often”) . Correlated t-tests were used to determine the effects of the program on each predicted life outcome.
Results indicated that boys’ attitudes did change significantly after the seminars, with “getting high often” receiving poorer ratings for predicted life outcome (probability less than .05). However, there was no significant change in attitudes of the girls, who were already well aware of the negative implications of frequent drug use.
KeywordsReaction Form Life Outcome Drug Abuse Prevention Frequent Drug Direction Program
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