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Predictive Accountability for Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Prevention Programs

  • Richard Ingraham
  • Michael Winer-Cyr
  • Roger Kuhrt

Abstract

Both Darwin and Lamarck were right. In isolation each theory provides part of the total picture. Darwin was correct that organisms are changed by their environment; Lamarck, equally so, in the sense that changes are indeed caused by organisms — by changing their environment. Evolution is both repetitive and cumulative. Thus, it is not totally random. Blind chance alone cannot work in an environment that is being pressured by the organisms in it, just as an “objective” scientific experiment has no meaning if the experimentor continually modifies its environment. The “randomness” of evolution can be compared to the process of “brainstorming” for ideas. Although a large number of random combinations occur, we subject them to the criteria of our ever changing environment to decide which to select.

Keywords

Primary Prevention Functional Area Corrective Feedback Contact Process Anticipate Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Goldston, S.E. 1977. An Overview of Primary Prevention. In Klein, D.C. (ed.), Primary Prevention: An Idea Whose Time Has Come. Rockville, Maryland: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, National Institutes of Mental Health.Google Scholar
  2. Ingraham, R. 1972. Ecology of Prevention. In, Community Based Prevention Specialist. Rosslyn, Virginia: NDATC, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. Ingraham, R. 1978. Longiterative Evaluation Sequence. Book in progress.Google Scholar
  4. Kelly, J.G. 1975. The Search for Ideas and Deeds That Work. Keynote Address presented at the Vermont Conference on Primary Prevention of Psychopathology, University of Vermont.Google Scholar
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  8. Winer-Cyr, M. and Monti, J. 1975.Community Planning in Primary Prevention. Olympia, Washington: Drug Abuse Prevention OfficeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Ingraham
    • 1
  • Michael Winer-Cyr
    • 1
  • Roger Kuhrt
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Human OrganizationResearch and DevelopmentOlympiaUSA

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