The Vector Character of Field and Gradient and Its Possible Implications For Biomagnetic Experiments and Space Travel

  • Jeno M. Barnothy


In the Introduction, a survey was made of the different physical phenomena which through their cumulative physical effects could be considered as precursors of biomagnetic effects. As we have seen there, the overwhelming majority of these cumulative effects is reversible, meaning that a change in the direction of the field or gradient vector relative to the coordinate system of the specimen (organ, cell, molecule) will entail a change in the direction or a reversal of the sign of the cumulative effect.


Field Vector Leukocyte Count Gradient Vector Paramagnetic Susceptibility Horizontal Field 
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  1. 1.
    Beischer, D.E., “Human Tolerance to Magnetic Fields,” Astronautics 7:24, 1962.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eiselein, J. E., H. M. Boutell, and M. W. Biggs, “Biological Effects of Magnetic Fields—Negative Results.” Aerospace Medicine 32:383. 1961.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barnothy, J.M., “Biological Effects of Magnetic Fields,” Medical Physics, Vol. 3, ed. O. Glasser, The Yearbook Publishing Co., 1960, p. 61.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeno M. Barnothy
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomagnetic Research FoundationEvanstonUSA

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