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Heavy Water Production by Cryogenic Processing

  • W. Baldus
  • K. C. Milne
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 21)

Abstract

Deuterium, a heavy hydrogen isotope, is used in certain bubble chambers and also for experiments in nuclear fusion. However, the greatest demand for deuterium is associated with nuclear reactor technology, particularly for reactors of high power output. These reactors have attained importance because they can use natural uranium. This makes them attractive in those countries that have no U-235 enrichment plants or that prefer natural uranium for other reasons and is one reason why the demand for heavy water is increasing.

Keywords

Heavy Water Pure Hydrogen Natural Uranium Cryogenic Treatment Deuterium Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    W. Lehmer, A. Sellmaier, and W. Baldus, in: Linde Berichte aus Technik und Wissenschaft, No. 5 (April 1969), p. 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Lehmer, The Separation of Deuterium by the Distillation of Liquid Hydrogen on a Large Scale, Pergamon Press (1964).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Gutowski, “Technical status of the low-temperature process for heavy-water recovery. On the economy of the low-temperature process for heavy-water recovery,” Kerntecknik (1970), Heft 5–6.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Springmann, “Experience Gained in the Initial Operation of a Heavy-Water Plant,” Linde Reports on Science and Technology, No. 6 (1964).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Jaeger, “Analysis Problems and Instruments Used in the Heavy-Water Plant at Nangal,” Linde Reports on Science and Technology, No. 6 (1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Baldus
    • 1
  • K. C. Milne
    • 2
  1. 1.Linde AktiengesellschaftMunichGermany
  2. 2.Lotepro Engineering & Construction Ltd.CalgaryCanada

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