The Stratigraphic and Paleogeographic Context of Shoreline—Shelf Reservoirs

  • Douglas J. Cant
Part of the Frontiers in Sedimentary Geology book series (SEDIMENTARY)


This chapter reviews the stratigraphic and paleogeographic setting of shallow marine reservoirs by discussing the sequences in which they occur, the fundamental variables that control them, their geometries, and common occurrences. Many of the concepts of sequence stratigraphy will be discussed as they apply to these kinds of deposits. The development of unconformities, truncation surfaces, diastems, or ravinement surfaces is of primary importance in exploration for, or development of, shoreline and shallow marine reservoirs.


System Tract Foreland Basin Sand Body Transgressive System Tract Lowstand System Tract 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allen, J.R.L., 1970, A quantitative model of climbing ripples and their cross-laminated deposits: Sedimentology, v. 14, p. 5–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amos, C.L., and Knoll, R.G., 1987, The Quaternary sediments of Banquereau, Scotian Shelf: Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., v. 98, p. 244–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beerbower, J.R., 1964, Cyclothems and cyclic depositional mechanisms in alluvial plain sedimentation, in Merriam, D.F., ed., Symposium on cyclic sedimentation: Kansas Geol. Surv. Bull. 169, v. 1, p. 31–42.Google Scholar
  4. Beaumont, C., 1981, Foreland basins: Geophysical J. Roy. Astron. Soc., v. 55, p. 291–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bergman, K.M. and Walker, R.G., 1987, The importance of sea-level fluctuations in the formation of linear conglomerate bodies; Carrot Creek Member of Cardium Formation, Cretaceous western interior seaway, Alberta, Canada: J. Sediment. Petrol., v. 57, p. 651–665.Google Scholar
  6. Bourgeois, J., 1980, A transgressive shelf sequence exhibiting hummocky stratification: The Cape Sebastian Sandstone (Upper Cretaceous), southwestern Oregon: J. Sediment. Petrol., v. 50, p. 691–702.Google Scholar
  7. Burton, R., Kendall, C. G. St. C., and Lerche, I., 1987, Out of our depth: On the impossibility of fathoming eustacy from the stratigraphic record: Earth sci. Rev., v. 24, p. 237–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cant, D.J., 1984, Development of shoreline-shelf sand bodies in a Cretaceous epeiric sea deposit: J. Sediment. Petrol., v. 54, p. 541–556.Google Scholar
  9. Cant, D.J., 1989, Simple equations of sedimentation: Applications to sequence stratigraphy: Basin Research, v. 2, p. 73–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cant, D.J., and Hein, F.J., 1986, Depositional sequences in ancient shelf sediments. Some contrasts in style, in Knight, R.J., and McLean, J.R., eds., Shelf sands and sandstones: Can. Soc. Petrol. Geol. Memoir 11, p. 302–311.Google Scholar
  11. Cant, D.J., and Stockmal, G.S., 1989, Stratigraphy of the Alberta foreland basin: An interpretation in terms of Cordilleran tectonics: Can. J. Earth Sci., v. 26, p. 1964–1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Caron, C., Homewood, P., and Wildi, W., 1989, The original Swiss Flysch: A reappraisal of the type deposits in the Swiss Prealps: Earth Sci. Rev., v. 26, p. 1–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Clifton, H.E., 1981, Progradational sequences in Miocene shoreline deposits, southeastern Caliente Range, California: J. Sed. Petrol., v. 51, p. 165–184.Google Scholar
  14. Coleman, J.M., and Prior, D.B., 1982, Deltaic environments, in Scholle, P.A., and Spearing, D.R., eds., Sandstone depositional environments: Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Mem. 31, p. 139–178.Google Scholar
  15. Covey, M., 1986, The evolution of foreland basins to steady state; evidence from the western Taiwan foreland basin, in Allen, P.A., and Homewood, P., eds., Foreland Basins: Internat. Assoc. of Sedimentol. Special Paper No. 8, p. 77–90.Google Scholar
  16. Crook, K.A.W., 1989, Suturing history of an allochthonous terrane at a modern plate boundary traced by flysch-to-molasse facies transition: Sed. Geol., v. 61, p. 49–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Curray, J.R., Emmel, F.J., and Crampton, P.J.S., 1969, Holocene history of a strand-plain, lagoonal coast, Nayarit, Mexico, in Castanares, A.A., and Phleger, F.B., eds., Coastal lagoons—a symposium: Universidad Nacional Autonoma, Mexico, p. 63–100.Google Scholar
  18. Demarest, J.M., and Kraft, J.C., 1987, Stratigraphie record of Quaternary sea levels; implications for more ancient strata, in Nummedal, D., Pilkey, O.H., and Howard, J.D., eds., Sea-level fluctuations and coastal evolution: Soc. Econ. Paleont. Mineral. Sp. Pub. 41, p. 223–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Devlin, W.J., Rudolph, K.W., Ehman, K.D., and Shaw, C.A., 1990, The effect of tectonic and eustatic cycles on accommodation and sequence stratigraphie framework in the southwestern Wyoming foreland basin: Abstracts of Papers, 13th Int. Sed. Congress, Nottingham, England, p. 131.Google Scholar
  20. Frazier, D.E., 1967, Recent deltaic deposits of the Mississippi Delta: Their development and chronology: Trans. Gulf Cst. Assoc. Geol. Socs.,v. 17, p. 287–315.Google Scholar
  21. Hardy, I.A., 1975, Lithostratigraphy of the Banquereau Formation on the Scotian Shelf, in Offshore geology of eastern Canada: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 74-30, p. 163–174.Google Scholar
  22. Haq, B.U., Hardenbol, J., and Vail, P.R., 1987, Chronology of fluctuating sea levels since the Triassic: Science, v. 235, p. 1156–1167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hein, F.J., 1987, Tidal/littoral offshore shelf deposits—Lower Cambrian Gog Group, southern Rocky Mountains, Canada: Sed. Geol., v. 52, p. 155–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Homewood, P., Allen, P.A., and Williams, G.D., 1986, Dynamics of the Molasse Basin of western Switzerland, in Allen, P.A., and Homewood, P., eds., Foreland Basins: Int. Assoc. Sediment. Spec. Pub. 8, p. 199–217.Google Scholar
  25. Jopling, A.V., and Walker, R.G., 1968, Morphology and origin of crosslamination, with examples from the Pleistocene of Massachusetts: J. Sed. Petrol., v. 38, p. 971–984.Google Scholar
  26. Larue, D.K., and Martinez, P.A., 1989, Use of bedform climb models to analyse the geometry and preservation potential of clastic facies and unconformity surfaces: Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., v. 73, p. 40–53.Google Scholar
  27. Leckie, D.A., and Walker, R.G., 1982, Storm and tide-dominated shorelines in Cretaceous Moosebar-Lower Gates interval—outcrop equivalents of Deep Basin gas trap in western Canada: Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull., v. 66, p. 138–157.Google Scholar
  28. Leckie, D.A., 1986, Rates, controls, and sand-body geometries of transgressive-regressive cycles: Cretaceous Moosebar and Gates Formations, British Columbia: Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull., v. 70, p. 516–535.Google Scholar
  29. Masters, J.A., 1984, Lower Cretaceous gas in western Canada, in Masters, J.A., ed., Elmworth—case study of a Deep Basin gas field: Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Mem. 38, p. 1–34.Google Scholar
  30. McCubbin, D.G., 1982, Barrier island and strandplain facies, in Scholle, P.A., and Spearing, D.R., eds., Sandstone depositional environments: Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Mem. 31, p. 247–280.Google Scholar
  31. Mitchum, R.M. Jr., Vail, P.R., and Thompson, S. III, 1977, Seismic stratigraphy and global changes of sea level; Part 2—The depositional sequence as a basic unit for stratigraphie analysis, in Payton, C.E., ed., Seismic stratigraphy—applications to hydrocarbon exploration: Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Memoir 26, p. 53–62.Google Scholar
  32. Nielsen, A.R., and Porter, J.W., 1984, Pembina oil field—in retrospect, in Stott, D.F., and Glass, D.J., eds., The Mesozoic of middle North America: Can. Soc. Pet. Geol. Memoir 9, p. 1–13.Google Scholar
  33. Plint, A.G., 1988, Global eustacy and the Eocene sequence in the Hampshire Basin, England: Basin Research, v. 1, p. 11–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Plint, A.G., and Walker, R.G., 1987, Morphology and origin of an erosion surface cut into the Bad Heart Formation during major sea-level change, Santonian of west-central Alberta: J. Sed. Petrol., v. 57, p. 639–650.Google Scholar
  35. Plint, A.G., Walker, R.G., and Bergman, K.M., 1987, Cardium Formation 6. Stratigraphic framework of the Cardium in subsurface: Bull. Can. Pet. Geol., v. 34, p. 213–225.Google Scholar
  36. Price, R.A., 1973, Large-scale gravitational flow of supracrustal rocks, southern Canadian Rocky Mountains, in DeJong, K.A., and Scholten, R.A., eds., Gravity and Tectonics: Wiley Interscience, New York, p. 491–502.Google Scholar
  37. Rahmani, R.A., 1984, Facies control of gas trapping, Lower Cretaceous Falher A cycle, Elmworth area, northwestern Alberta, in Masters, J.A., ed., Elmworth—case study of a deep basin gas field: Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Memoir 38, p. 141–152.Google Scholar
  38. Swift, D.J.P., 1973, Delaware shelf valley: Estuary retreat path, not drowned river valley: Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., v. 84, p. 2743–2748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Vail, P.R., Mitchum, R.M. Jr., and Thompson, S., 1977, Seismic stratigraphy and global changes of sea level; Part 4, Global cycles of relative changes of sea level, in Payton, C.E., ed., Seismic stratigraphy— applications to hydrocarbon exploration: Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Mem. 26, p. 83–97.Google Scholar
  40. Van Wagoner, J.C., Mitchum, R.M. Jr., Posamentier, H.W., and Vail, P.R., 1987, Key definitions of seismic stratigraphy, in Bally, A.W., ed., Atlas of seismic stratigraphy: Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Studies in Geology No. 27, p. 11–14.Google Scholar
  41. Weimer, R.J., 1984, Relation of unconformities, tectonics, and sea-level changes, Cretaceous of western interior, U.S.A., in Schlee, J.S., ed., Interregional unconformities and hydrocarbon accumulation: Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Mem. 26, p. 7–36.Google Scholar
  42. Wood, J.M., and Hopkins, J.C., 1989, Reservoir sandstone bodies in estuarine valley fill: Lower Cretaceous Glauconite Member, Little Bow Field, Alberta, Canada: Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Bull., v. 73, p. 1361–1382.Google Scholar
  43. Young, R.G., 1957, Late Cretaceous cyclic deposits, Book Cliffs, eastern Utah: Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Bull., v. 41, p. 1760–1774.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas J. Cant

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations