There are at present two main trends in the development of seismo-acoustic methods and equipment. The first, often called “passive,” involves the use of acoustic impulses which occur naturally in the rocks, resulting from local stress concentrations caused by general or local increases in the rock pressure. The second may be called “active”: it makes use of acoustic impulses which are generated artificially and coupled to the rock by special radiators. In either case the signals (natural or induced) are detected by geophones of various types mounted in the rock, and are recorded by various automatic recorders, oscillography, or tape-recorders.


Coal Seam Rock Burst Rock Specimen Dynamic Phenomenon Rock Pressure 
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Copyright information

© Consultants Bureau 1966

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  • M. S. Antsyferov

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