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The Analysis of Polymers and Polymer Degradation Products by Mass Spectrometry

  • Stanley C. Israel

Abstract

Since the development of the modern mass spectrometer slightly over 25 years ago, this technique has been applied to all branches of the chemical sciences. The utility of the mass spectrometer to identify and elucidate the structure of chemical compounds is so great that it is now considered one of the “classical” instrument techniques. The applications of mass spectrometry to the analysis of polymers and polymer degradation products offer the same unique advantages with respect to identification and structure determination as well as providing a rapid, extremely sensitive method for the characterization of polymeric materials individually and in mixtures. In the case of polymer degradation studies it allows for the analysis of the products resolved on a temperature or time basis. That is, in a study where the temperature is changing, analysis may be performed throughout the temperature range and the products and products concentration correlated with sample temperature. In the case of isothermal and pulse heating modes and degradation due to mechanical stress, a fast-scanning mass spectrometer can be employed to identify the products relative to their time of evolution.

Keywords

Degradation Product Thermal Degradation Pyrolysis Product Polymer Degradation Flaming Combustion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanley C. Israel
    • 1
  1. 1.Polymer Science Program, Department of ChemistryUniversity of LowellLowellUSA

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