Chlorine is generally produced by electrolysis of sodium chloride solution. Table 6.1 shows the end-use pattern of chlorine in Japan in 1979 and 1980.(1) More than 70% of chlorine is consumed by its producers. Of these, more than half is sent to the synthesis of vinyl chloride monomer and vinylidene chloride monomer. About 10% of chlorine is used for trichloroethylene and propylene oxide. Those figures are almost the same as in more advanced countries. In the United States, for example, about 20% of chlorine is used for VCM, and 30% for other organic compounds, as shown in Table 6.2.(2) Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is the largest single consumer of chlorine. Production and the price of chlorine are thus influenced greatly by the market situation of such materials containing chlorine.


Hydrochloric Acid Solution Propylene Oxide Organic Impurity Terminal Voltage Graphite Anode 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumio Hine
    • 1
  1. 1.Nagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan

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