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Enzyme Activities and Post-Harvest Change

  • M. J. C. Rhodes
Part of the Nato Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 46)

Abstract

A complex series of metabolic adjustments occur in horticultural crops after harvest which are influenced by the dislocation of supply of nutrients, minerals and hormones from the parent plant to the harvested plant organ. Basic respiratory processes are necessary to supply the energy required to maintain the essential repair reactions upon which the integrity and independent existence of the organ depend. Over and above this maintenance metabolism, the harvested fruit or vegetable is able to continue its normal development which may lead to ripening and senescence in the case of fruits and leaves or to dormancy and regrowth in tubers and seeds. In addition the harvested organ has the ability to respond metabolically to the environment in which it is stored, to wounding and to microbial attack. Such basic biochemical and physiological changes lead to major changes in the chemical composition and physical structure of the tissue and have an important effect on the quality of the horticultural crop as food whether it is eaten directly or following some food processing operation.

Keywords

Cinnamic Acid Glycogen Phosphorylase Cinnamic Acid Derivative Constituent Enzyme Food Processing Operation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. C. Rhodes
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural Research Council Food Research InstituteNorwichEngland

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