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Respiration and Energy Metabolism in Senescing Plant Tissues

  • Theophanes Solomos
Part of the Nato Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 46)

Abstract

The senescence of detached plant organs is associated with cataclysmic physiological, histochemical and biochemical changes (9, 16, 17, 64, 90, 100), Although the process is predominantly catabolic, anabolic reactions are nevertheless necessary for senescence to proceed (91). The prevention of senescence by inhibitors of anabolic processes bears witness to the above (43, 71, 74). Furthermore, overt catabolic reactions, such as the conversion of starch to sucrose, require at least one mole of ATP per mole of sucrose formed (118). The transport of inorganic and organic nutrients from senescing attached leaves to the parent plant must also be a sink of metabolic energy. In detached senescing organs respiration is the sole source of energy, since the photosynthetic capacity of certain detached organs is minimal and moreover senescence of detached leaves proceeds faster in the dark than in the light (69). In this presentation we shall examine the rate of production, regulation, and physiological significance of metabolic energy in senescing detached plant organs.

Keywords

Sweet Potato Pyruvate Kinase Alternate Oxidase Banana Fruit Potato Slice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theophanes Solomos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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