Control of Postharvest Diseases with Antimicrobial Agents

  • Joseph W. Eckert
Part of the Nato Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 46)


Pathological diseases of fruits and vegetables can be reduced to a certain extent by maintaining the natural resistance of the host, low temperature storage, low oxygen atmospheres, and treatment with growth regulators that delay senescence. However, these beneficial practices may not adequately protect the crop from microbial attack, especially during prolonged storage or movement of the crop through export market channels. This is particularly true for crops of tropical origin such as bananas, sweet potatoes and lemons, that suffer physiological injury at the near-freezing temperatures that are required to inhibit growth of fungi over an extended period of time. The maximum storage life of many fresh fruits and vegetables can be realized only by treating the product with an antifungal agent before storage in an optimal environment. The antimicrobial treatment is not a substitute for a satisfactory storage environment, since these agents rarely influence the rate of physiological deterioration of the fresh product. However, the antimicrobial agent is most efficient when the host possesses intrinsic resistance to infection and the environmental conditions are least favorable for the growth of the pathogen.


Sweet Potato Citrus Fruit Botrytis Cinerea Thiophanate Methyl Postharvest Disease 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph W. Eckert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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