Body Build and Tissue Composition in Pan paniscus and Pan troglodytes, with Comparisons to Other Hominoids

  • Adrienne L. Zihlman
Part of the The Pygmy Chimpanzee book series (EBIO)


Pygmy chimpanzees (Pan paniscus) have received a great deal of attention as a possible prototype for the African hominoid ancestor (Zihlman et al., 1978; Johnson, 1981; Latimer et al., 1981), but they are interesting for additional reasons. First, comparing body build and tissue composition between Pan paniscus and Pan troglodytes documents in detail the extent of morphological difference between the two species. Further comparison with Asian apes provides insights into the basic pongid adaptation and contributes to analysis of the correlation between body build and locomotor behavior. Finally, comparison with fossil and living hominids offers clues on the changing body build correlated with the origin of bipedal locomotion.


Total Body Weight Tissue Composition Early Hominid Locomotor Pattern Bipedal Locomotion 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrienne L. Zihlman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of California at Santa CruzSanta CruzUSA

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