Interaction over Food among Pygmy Chimpanzees

  • Suehisa Kuroda
Part of the The Pygmy Chimpanzee book series (EBIO)


Many authors have suggested that food sharing behavior arose in connection with the emergence of hunting in the hominization process (e.g., Pilbeam, 1972; Washburn and Lancaster, 1968). The presence of predatory and meat sharing behavior in the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) has been thought to support this theory. In recent studies of the pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus), however, it has become clear that these animals frequently share plant food, and the process of sharing large fruits resembles that of meat sharing in the common chimpanzee (Kano, 1980, Kuroda, 1980). Therefore, a more precise comparison of this behavior between species is needed to understand not only their phylogenetic relationship, but also the evolutionary development of food sharing, which was a necessary condition for the development of the sexual division of labor in human society.


Sugar Cane Dominant Male Wild Chimpanzee Food Sharing Food Interaction 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suehisa Kuroda
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, Faculty of ScienceKyoto UniversitySakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606Japan

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