Advertisement

Alternative Fabrication Technologies for A15 Multifilamentary Superconductors

  • Raymond Roberge
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 68)

Abstract

A large number of A15 intermetallic compounds are superconducting [1], but only a few (listed in Table 1) are considered of practical interest, i.e., having critical temperature above ~ 15 K and critical fields above 12 tesla. Also, in the present context a superconductor is practical only if it can be prepared in continuous, flexible lengths with a multifilamentary geometry. Because all A15 compounds are brittle, the preparation of useful conductors requires special techniques.

Keywords

Critical Current Density Reduction Ratio Niobium Powder Niobium Concentration Multifilamentary Superconductor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    B.W. Roberts, NBS Technical Note 983 (1978).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Tachikawa, Filamentary A15 Superconductors, edited by M. Suenaga and A. F. Clark, Plenum Press, NY (1980), p. 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Hillmann, H. Pfister, E. Springer, M. Wilhelm and K. Wohlleben, idem.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. A. Lee and C. A. Scott, idem.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. Gregory, E. Adam, W. Marancik, P. Sanger, and C. Spencer, idem.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. H. Rosner, B. A. Zeitlin, R. E. Schwall, M, S. Walker, and G. M. Ozeryansky, idemGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. E. Kunzler, E. Buehler, F. S. L. Hsu, and J. H. Wernick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 89 (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. L. Martin, M. G. Benz, C. A. Bruch, and C. H. Rosner, Cryogenics 3, 161 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. G. Benz, D. L. Martin, and C. A. Bruch, Cryogenics 5, 248 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. R. Kaufmann and J. J. Pickett, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 58 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Tachikawa, Y. Yoshida, and L. Rinderer, J. Mater. Sci. 7, 1154 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Suenaga and W. B. Sampson, Proceedings of the 1972 Applied Superconductivity Conference, IEEE Publication No. 72CH0682- TABSC, p. 481.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. P. Romanov, L. W. Smirnow, W. D. Sadovski and N. W. Wolkenschtein, Fiz. Metal. Metalloved. 20, 3 (1965).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. H. Borcherts and A. H. Silver, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 379 (1968).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. C. Tsuei and L. R. Newklrk, J. Mater. Sci. 8, 1307 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. C. Tsuei, Science 180, 57 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. C. Tsuei, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1385 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C. C. Tsuei, M. Suenaga and W. B. Sampson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 318 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. C. Tsuei, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-11, 272 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. C. Tsuei, Appl. Polym. Symp. 29, 47 (1976).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    I. A. Popov and N. V. Shiryaeva, Russian J. of Inorganic Chemistry 6, 1184 (1961).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. Allibert, J. Droile and E. Bonnier, Compt. Rend. C. 268, 2277 (1969).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. Allibert and J. Driole, J. of Less Common Met. 51, 25 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    E. M. Savitskii, V. V. Baron, U. K. Duisemaliev and Yu. V. Ejimov, Vestn. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR. 20, 38 (1964).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    U. Zwicker and L. Rinderer, Z. Metallkde 66, 738 (1975).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. P. Harbison and J. Bevk, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 5180 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. F. Sterling and R. W. Warren, Metallurgia 67, 301 (1963).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. Flükiger, Intermag. Conference, Boston, MA, April 21–24, 1980. IEEE Trans. on Magnetics, MAG-16, 1236 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    T. J. Callaghanand, L. E. Toth, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4013 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. L. Fihey, P. Nguyen-Duy and R. Roberge, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 2307 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. Roberge and J. L. Fihey, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 1327 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. Roberge and J. L. Fihey, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 818 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. D. Verhoeven, D. K. Finnemore, E. D. Gibson, J. E. Ostenson, and L. F. Goodrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 101 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. D. Verhoeven and E. D. Gibson, M. Mater. Sci. 13, 1576 (1978).ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. L. Fihey, M. Neff, R. Roberge, M. C. Flemings, S. F oner and B. B. Schwartz, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 26, p. 343.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    J. L. Fihey, M. Neff, R. Roberge, M. C. Flemings, S. Foner and B. B. Schwartz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 715 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    J. D. Verhoeven, D. K. Finnemore, E. D. Gibson, J. E. Ostensen, L. Goodrich, “Fabrication of Superconducting Wire Composites by Directional Solidification”, Ames Laboratory Report, January 1978 (unpublished).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    J. D. Verhoeven, F. A. Schmidt, E. D. Gibson, J. E. Ostenson and D. K. Finnemore, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 555 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    D. K. Finnemore and J. D. Verhoeven, E. D. Gibson, J. E. Ostenson, Filamentary A15 Superconductors, edited by M. Suenaga and A. F. Clark, Plenum Press, NY (1980), p. 259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    K. Togano, Proc. Japan-USA Workshop on High-Field Superconducting Materials for Fusion (Tokyo, 1980).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. Roberge and J. L. Fihey, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 406 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    M. Suenaga and W. B. Sampson, Fabrication of Superconducting Materials for Large Magnetic Devices, 155th meeting, the Electrochemical Society, Boston, May 1979.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    G. H. Geiger and D. R. Poirier, Transport Phenomena in Metallurgy, Addison-Wesley (1973), p. 488.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    idem, p. 446.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    H. LeHuy, R. Roberge, J. L. Fihey, G. Rupp, and S. Foner, Proceedings 1980 Applied Superconductivity Conference, Santa Fe, NM, September 1980, to be published.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    H. LeHuy, R. Roberge, J. L. Fihey, unpublished results.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    R. Roberge and J L. Fihey in Manufacture of Superconducting Materials, edited by R. W. Meyerhoff, Am. Soc. of Metals, Metals Park, Ohio (1977), p. 223.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    R. Roberge, S. Foner, E.J. McNiff Jr., B. B. Schwartz and J. L. Fihey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 111 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    E. Adam, E. Gregory and F. T. Ormand, IEEE Trans. on Magnetics MAG-13, 319 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Magnetic Corporation of America, private communication (1978).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    A. Petrovich, B. A. Zeitlin, J. M. Cutro, M. S. Walker, and G. H. Rosner, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 796 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    D.N. Cornish, D. W. Deis, R. L. Nelson, R. M. Scanlan, C. E. Taylor, R. R. Vandervoort, F. T. Wittmayer, and J. B. Zbasnik, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 454 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    D. C. Larbalestier, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 209 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    D. L. Martin, M. R. Daniel, J. M. Cutroand R. E. Schwall, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 185 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    D. Phillips, W. Proctor and F. J. Brown, Colloques internationaux C.N.R.S. No.242—Physiquesous champs magnatiques intenses, p. 438 (1975).Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    H. Hillman, H. Kuckuck, E. Springer, H. J. Weisse, M. Wilhelm, K. Wohlleben, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 205 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    D. K. Finnemore, J. E. Ostenson, J. D. Verhoeven and E. D. Gibson, Superconducting Properties of NbsSn-Cu Composites (submitted for publication).Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    D. K. Finnemore and J. D. Verhoeven, ICMC, Madison, 1979 (tobe published in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 26).Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    J. Bevkand, J. P. Harbison, J. Mater. Sci. 14, 1457 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    J. Bevk, J. P. Harbison and F. Habbal, G. R. Wagner and A.I. Braginski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 85 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    W. Y. K. Chen and C. C. Tsuei, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 715 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    K. Togano and K. Tachikawa, presented at Japanese Society for Metals, 1978.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    J. Bevk and F. Habbal, Bull. Amer. Phys, Soc. 24, 456 (1979).Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    J. Bevk, F. Habbal, C.J. Lobband J. P. Harbison, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 93 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    R. Roberge, presented at the March meeting of the American Physical Society, 19–23 March, 1979.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    J. L. Fihey, R. Roberge, S. Foner, E.J. McNiff Jr., B. B. Schwartz, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 26 (1980), p. 350, Plenum Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    S. Foner, R. Roberge, E. J. McNiff Jr., B. B. Schwartz and J. L. Fihey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 241 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    R. Roberge, S. Foner, E. J. McNiff Jr., B. B. Schwartz and J. L. Fihey, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics, MAG-15, 687 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    D. W. Deis, D. G. Hirzel, A. R. Rosdah, D. R. Roach, H. S. Freynik Jr. and J. P. Zbasnik, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering 24, 317 (1978), Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    J. W. Ekin, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 197 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    T. Luhman and M. Suenaga, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 800 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    J. W. Ekin, Advances in Crvojgenic Engineering 24, 306 (1978), Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    G. Rupp, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 1565 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    D. S. Easton, D. M. Kroeger, W. Specking and C. C. Koch, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2748 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    R. Roberge, J. L. Fihey, S. Foner, E.J. McNiff, Jr. and B. B. Schwartz, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 26, p. 530, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    J. Lanteigne, R. Roberge, H. LeHuy, J. L. Fihey and S. Foner, Proceedings 1980 Applied Superconductivity Conference, Santa Fe, NM, September 1980, to be published.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    S. Kirkpatrick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1722 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    A. Davidson and M. Tlnkham, Physical Rev B 13, 3261 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    H. L. Frisch, E. Sonnenblick, V. A. Vyssototsky and J. M. Hammersley, Phys. Rev. 124, 1021 (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    M. F. Sykes and J. W. Essan, Phys. Rev. 133, A310 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    H. Scher and R. Zallen, J. Chem. Phys. 53, 3759 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    A. Nagata, H. Hirayama, K. Noto and O. Izume, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 5175 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    A. Davidson, M. R. Beasley and M. Tlnkham, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-11, 276 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    W. F. Hosford Jr., Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 230, 12 (1974).Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    G. Deutscher and P. G. deGennes, Chapter 17 In Superconductivity, edited by Parks, R. D., Dekker, New York, (1970).Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    R. D. McConnell, Institut de Recherche d’Hydro-Quebec, Rapport No. 73–937-01. IGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    A. Nagata, H. Hlrayana, K. Noto and O. Izuml, J. Jap. Inst. Mat. 41, 578 (1977).Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    R. H. Hammond, Proc. of the 24th National Symposium of the Vacuum Society, J. of Vacuum Science and Technology 15, 382 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    R. Flüklger, S. Foner, E. J. McNiff Jr., B. B. Schwartz, J. Adams, J. Forman, T. W. Eagar and R. M. Rose, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 689 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    R. Flüklger, R. Aklhama, S. Foner, E.J. McNiff Jr. and B. B. Schwartz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35 810 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    R. Flüklger, S. Foner, E.J. McNiff Jr., and B. B. Schwartz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 763 (1979), erratum 34, 430 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    W. DeSorbo, Physical Review 132, 107 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    E. M. Savltskl and V. V. Baron, Physics and Metallurgy of Superconductors, Consultants Bureau (1970).Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    R. Flüklger, R. Aklhama, S. Foner, E.J. McNiff Jr., B. B. Schwartz, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 26. p. 377, (1980), Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Y. Klmura, A Study on Niobium-tin Superconducting Wire Fabricated by Powder-Metallurgy Technique (to be published).Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    R. Bormann, H. C. Freyhardt, H. Bergmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 944 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    R. Bormann, L. Schultz and H. C. Freyhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 79 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    M. R. Pickus, J. T. Holthlus and M. Rosen, Filamentary A15 Superconductors, edited by M. Suenaga and A. F. Clark, Plenum Press, NY (1980), p.331.Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    M. R. Pickus, V. F. Zackay, E. R. Parker, and J. T. Holthlus, Int. J. Powder Met. 9, 3 (1973).Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    M. R. Pickus, K. Hemachalan and B. N. P. Babu, Mater. Scl. Eng. 14, 265 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    K. Hemachalam and M. R. Pickus, J. of the Less Common Metals 46, 297 (1976). Appl. Phys. Lett. 27, 570 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    M. R. Pickus, M. P. Dariel, J. T. Holthius, J. Ling-Fai Wang and J. Granda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 810 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    G. C. Quinn, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Report LBL-6999 (1977). B. Phung, Report LBL-8500 (1978).Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    M. R. Pickus and M. Wells, Powder Metallurgy 8, 16 (1965).Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    M. R. Pickus, Int. J. Powder Met. 5, 3 (1969).Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    J. W. Morris Jr., presented at the workshop on Development of Superconductors for Fusion Power, DOE Washington, January 1978.Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    R. L. Ciardella, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Report LBL-4174 (1975).Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    R. L. Ciardella, M. P. Dariel, J. L. F. Wang and M. R. Pickus, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 832 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    G. W. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 773 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    G. W. Webb, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 616 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    F. A. Woollam, S.A. Alterovitz, E. Haugland and G. W. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36 706 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    K. Lo, J. Bevk, and D. Turnbull, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2597 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    J. M. Galligan and J. Tregilgas, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-11, 238 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    M. Hong, D. Dietderich and J. W. Morris Jr., J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2774 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    M. Hong, and J. W. Morris Jr., Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Report LBL-7366 (1978).Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    J. M. Larson, T. S. Luhman and H. F. Merrick in Manufacture of Superconducting Materials, American Society of Metals, Metals Park, Ohio (1977), p. 155.Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    W. K. McDonald, Composite Superconductor Construction by Modified Jelly Roll Method, Teledyne Wah Chang, patent pending.Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    J. D. Elen, J. W. Schinkel, A. A. A. van Wees, C. A. M. van Beijnen, E. M. Hornsfeld, T. Stahlie, H. J. Veringa and A. Verkaik. Presented at the Applied Superconductivity Conference, Santa Fe, September 1980, tobe publishedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond Roberge
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Recherche d’Hydro-QuebecIREQVarennesCanada

Personalised recommendations