Advertisement

Fabrication Technology of Superconducting Material

  • H. Hillmann
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 68)

Abstract

The development and fabrication of technical superconductors for practical applications is closely connected with the physical properties required for the construction of high field magnets.

Keywords

Critical Current Density Filament Conductor Fabrication Technology Eddy Current Loss Extrusion Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    B. B. Goodman, IBM Res. Develop. 6 63 (1962).MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. G. Berlincourt, R. R. Hake, Phys. Rev. 131 140 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    I. Pfeiffer and H. Hillmann, Acta Met. 16,1429 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Hillmann and I. Pfeiffer, A. f. Metallkde. 58,129 (1967).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. F. Neal, A. C. Barber, A. Woolcock, J. A. F. Gidley, Acta Met. 19,143 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A.D. McInturff and G. Chase, JAP 44,2378 (1973).ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Luhman and D. Dew-Hughes,“Treatise on Materials Science and Technology,” 14, Academic Press (1979).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.C. Larbalestier, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 209 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Willbrand and W. Schlump, Z. f. Metallkde. 66, 714 (1975).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Hillmann and K. J. Best, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13 1568 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Hillmann, Siemens Forsch, u. Entw. Ber. 3, 197 (1974).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Hillmann and D. Hauck, Proceedings of the Applied Superconductivity Conference, 429 (1972).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Hillmann, Forschungsber. BMFT-FBT, 76–13 (1976).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Hillmann, Forschungsber. BMFT-FBT, 73–03 (1973).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Rassmann and I. Illgen, Neue Hütte 17, 321 (1972).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    C.W. Curtis and W. K. McDonald, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15 768 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu. F. Bychkov et al. Phys. of Metals and Metallography 38, 61 (1974).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. Adam et al Proceedings of International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 333 (1977).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Suenaga, and K. M. Ralls, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4457 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. E. Cordier and W. K. McDonald, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-11 280 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Z J J Stekly, R. Thome, B. Strauss, J. Appl. Phys. 40,2238 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. F. Chester, Report on Progress on Phys. III, II, 561 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. Hancox, Phys. Lett. 15 208 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. L. Wipf, Phys. Rev. 161, 404 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. A. Colling, T. A. de Winter, W. K. McDonald, W. C. Turner, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13 848 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. B. Strauss, R. H. Rembsbotton, P. J. Readon, C. W. Curtis, W. K. McDonald, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 487 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    K. J. Best, H. Hillmann, H. Hoeflich, J. Rudolph, H. Weber, Forschungsbericht BMFT NT 1022 (1979), to be published.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Willbrand and R. Ebeling, Z. Metall. 19 677 (1975).ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    W. C. Turner, L. B. Lundberg, Z. Zeitlin, T. A. De Winter, W. K, McDonald, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory Report, LA-UR-76, 360.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    E. Gregory, J. Appl. Polymer Science Symposium 29, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (1976).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ber. Symposium in Bad Nauheim 1976, Deutsche Gesellschaft f. Metallkde. 637 Oberursel-Strangpressen.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Vorher. Z. Symposium Strangpressen, 12. -12.11.(1970), Deutsche Gessellschaft f. Metallkde.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. Laue and H. Stenger, Strangpressen, Aluminium Verl., Düsseldorf, (1976).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. R. Chritchlow, E. Gregory, B. Zeitlin, Cryogenics, Feb., 3, (1971).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    P. F. Smith, M. N. Wilson, C. R. Walters, J. D. Lewin, Rutherford Lab. preprint, RPP IA43.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    C.R. Spencer, P.A. Sanger, M. Young, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15 76 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. Hillmann, Z. Metall. 27, 977 (1973).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    K.J. Best, D. Genevey, H. Hillmann, L. Krempasky, M. Polak, B. Turk, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 1 395 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    K. J. Best, D. Genevey, H. Hillmami, L. Krempasky, M. Polak, B. Turck, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15 1, 765 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    D. C. Larbalestier, R. Flach, D. G. Hawks worth. Proceedings of the 6th International Conf. on Magnet Technology MT-6, 1076, Bratislava (1977).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    J E. Kunzler, E. Buehler, F. S. Hsu, J. H. Wernick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 89 (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    J. J. Hanak, K. Strater, G. W. Gullen, RCA Rev. 25 42 (1964).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    E.J. Saur and J. P. Wurm, Proc. of High Magnetic Field IntL. Conf., 589 (1961).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    L. Rinderer, E. Saur, J. Wurm, Z. f. Phys. 174, 405 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    M. G. Benz, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-2 760 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    R. G. Maier, Z. f. Metallkde. 57, 874 (1966).Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    G. Pasotti, M. V. Ricci, N. Sacchetti, G. Sacerdoti, M. Spadoni, J. Mat. Sci. 6, 54 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    K. Tachikawa, Proc. ICEC 3, Berlin 1970, 339 (Iliffe Science and Tech., Surrey, England.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    K. Tachikawa, J. Y. Tanaka, Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 5, 834 (1966); 6, 682 (1970).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    D. W. Deiss, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 447 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    M. Suenaga, W. B. Sampson, C. J. Klamut, IEEE Trans, of Magnetics MAG-11, 231 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    E. Gregory, Appl. Polymer Symp. 29, 1 (1976).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    E. Springer, M. Wilhelm, G. Ziegler, Colloque Intern, du CNRS, No. 242, 431, Grenoble (1974).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    H. Hillmann, H. Pfister, E. Springer, M. Wilhelm, K. Wohlleben, “Filamentary A15 Superconductors”, Eds. M. Suenaga and A. F. Clark, Plenum Press, New York, N. Y. (1980), p. 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    C. R. Spencer, P. A. Sanger, M. Young, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 76 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    K. Wohlleben, J. Low Temp. Phys. 13, 269 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    D. U. Gubser, T. L. Francavilla, D. G. Howe, R. A. Muessner, F. T. Ormand, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15 385 (1979).Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    W. Rostocker,“The Metallurgy of Vanadium,” John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    E. M. Savitskii, V. K. Boron, Y. V. Efimov, M. I. Bychkova, L. F. Myzenova,“Supercond. Mat.,”294, New York, Plenum Press, (1973).Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    T. Luhman and D. Dew-Hughes,“Treatise on Materials Science and Technology”, 14, 145, Academic Press (1979).Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    P. Rodney, P.D. Elliot, Constitution of Binary Alloys, First Supplement, 253, McGraw-Hill Book Co. (1965).Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    K. Tachikawa, Proc. Appl. Supercond. Conf. IEEE, New York, 371 (1972).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    J. D. Livingston, Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 44, 295 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    D. W. Deis and B. J. Shaw, J. App. Phys. 46, 2737 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Y. Koike, H. Shiraki, S. Murase, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 384 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    I. L. McDougall, Cryogenics 16, 323 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    M. Suenaga, W B. Sampson, Appl. Phys. Lett,18 584 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    D. C. Larbalestier, P. E. Madison, J. A. Lee, M.N. Wilson, J. P. Charlesworth, Rutherford Laboratory Report, 74–135; IEEE Trans. on Magnetics, MAG-11, p. 247 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    A. Smigelskas, E. Kirkendall, Trans. Am. Inst. Mining and Met. Pet. Eng. 171, 130 (1947).Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    M. Hansen,“Constitution of Binary Alloys,” 634, McGraw-Hill Bk. Co. Inc. (1958).Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    W. Schelb, Diplomarbeit Inst, f. Exp. Kerntechnik d. Univers. Karlsruhe (1978).Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    H. H. Parrel, G. H. Gilmer, M. Suenaga, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1360 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    R. M. Scanlan, W. A. Pietz, E. P. Koch, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 2244 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    E. Nembachand, K. Tachikawa, J. Less-Common Metals 19, 359 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    A. Das Gupta et al. Proc. ICMI, Boulder, Colorado (1979).Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    B. J. Shaw, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2143 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    R. W. Balluffy, Acta Met. 2, 194 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    D.S. Easton, D.M. Kfoeger, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 178 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    E. Buehler and H. J. Levingstein, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3856 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    I. L. McDougall, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-11 1467 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    A F. Clark, Cryogenics 16, 632 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    D. C. Larbalestier, J. E. Magraw, M. N. Wilson, Proc. 6th Intl. Cryogenic Eng. Conf. ICEC 6, 387 (1976).Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    I. L. McDougall, Ibid 396.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    J. W. Ekin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 216 (1976); and IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13 127 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    D. C. Larbalestier, J. E. Magraw, M. N. Wilson, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 462 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    D S. Easton and R. E. Schwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 319 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    H. Hillmann, H. Kuckuck, H. Pfister, G. Rupp, E. Springer, M. Wilhelm, K. Wohlleben, G. Ziegler, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13 792 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    G. Rupp, IEEE Trans on Magnetics MAG-13, 1565 and J. Appl. Phys. 48 3858 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    J. W. Ekin, Adv. Cryogenic Eng. 24, 306 (1978).Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    T. Luhman, M. Suenaga, C. J. Klamut, Ibid., 325.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    D. W. Deis, D. N. Cornish, A. R. Rosdahl, D. G. Hirzel, Proc. 6th Intl. Conf. on Magnetic Technology MT-6 1028 (1977).Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    G. Rupp, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 189 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    J. W. Ekin, IEEE Trans. on Magnetics MAG-15197 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    D. S. Easton and D. M. Kroeger, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 178 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    T. Luhman, M. Suenaga, D. O. Welch, K. Kaiho, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15 699 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    R. Roberge, S. Foner, E. J. McNiff Jr., B. B. Schwartz, J. L. Fihay, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG 15 687 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    R. Flükiger, R. Akihama, S. Foner, E. Jo McNiff Jr., B. B. Schwartz, Appl. Phys, Lett. 35, 810 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    I. Pfeiffer and E. Springer, Z. f. Metallkde. 68, 667 (1977).Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    G. Rupp, “Filamentary A15 Superconductors”, Eds. M. Suenaga and A. F. Clark, Plenum Press, New York, N. Y. (1980), p. 155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Y. S. Touloukian, R. K. Kirby, R. E. Taylor, P. D. Desai, “Thermophysical Properties of Matter”, IFL/Plenum Press, New York, 12 (1975).Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    G. Ziegler, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 4141 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    E.J. Kramer, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1360 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    G. Rupp, “Filamentary A15 Saperconductors”, Eds. M. Suenaga and A. F. Clark, Plenum Press, New York, N.Y. (1980), p. 155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    G. Rupp, E. J. McNiff Jr., S. Foner, Proc. of the Appl. Supercond. Conf., Santa Fe NM, Sept. 1980, to be published.Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    G. Rupp, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 189 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    F. Voelker, Particle Acc. 1, 205 (1970).Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    W. S. Gilbert, UCRL-20605 Panel Disc, on Supercond. Synchrotrons.Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    H. Hillmann, K. Kuckuck, H. Pfister, G. Rupp, E. Springer, M. Wilhelm, K. Wohlleben, G. Ziegler, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 792 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    J. A. Lee and G. A. Scott, “Filamentary A15 Superconductors”, Eds. M. Suenaga and A. F. Clark, PlenumPress, New York, N. Y. (1980), p. 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    E. Gregory, J. Appl. Polymer. Sci. Symp. 29,“New and Specialty Fibers”, John Wüey and Sons, Inc., New York, N. Y. (1976).Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    H. Hillmann, Proc. of the 6th International Conf. on Magnet Technology MT-6, 972, Bratislava (1977).Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    H. Hillmann, H. Kuckuck, E. Springer, H. J. Weisse, M. Wohlleben, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 205 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    W. A. Fietz, C. D. Hennig, R M. Scanlan, Proc. of the Appl. Superc. Conf., Oakbrook 1974 (1974).Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    H. Pfister and H. Hillman, World El. Tech. Congr., June 2–25 Moscow (1977).Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    E. Seibt, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 804 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    G. E. Gallegher-Daggit, Rutherford Lab. RHEL/M/A25 (1973).Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    A. D. Mclnturff,“Treatise on Materials Science and Technology,” Vol. H Eds. T. Luhman and D. Dew-Hughes, Academic Press Inc. (1979), p. 99.Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    W. B. Sampson, R. B. Britton, P. F. Dahl, A. D. Mclnturff, G. H. Morgan, K. E. Robins, Part. Acc. 1, 173 (1970).Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    A. D. Mclnturff, Proc. Tech. Appl. Superc. Conf., Alushta USSR (1975).Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    M. A. Janocko, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 797 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    H. Hillmann, Forschunsber. BMFT-FBT 76–13 (1976).Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    N. Schaetti, Brown Boveri Mitt. 2/3 72 (1972).Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    VACUUMSCHMELZE GMBH, Hanau, unpublished.Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    M. O. Hoenig, Y. Iwasa, D. B. Montgomery, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-11, 569 (1974).ADSGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Y. Iwasa, M. O. Hoenig, D. B. Montgomery, IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-13, 678 (1976).ADSGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    C. E. Spencer, E. Adam, E. Gregory, W. Marancik, P. Sanger, R. Scanlan, D. Comish, Proc. of the 8th Synp. on Eng. Prob. of Fusion Eng., IEEE Pub. No. 79 CH1441–5-NPS, (1979), p. 265.Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    E. Gregory, E. Adam, S. Hong, W. Marancik, C. Rosen, P. Sanger, C. Spencer, Proc. of the ICEC 1980,Genova, to be published.Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    N. Tada, K. Aihara, Y. Hotha, Y. Ishigami, H. Moriai, IEEE Trans. on Magnetics MAG-15 810 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    H. Krauth, A. Nyilas, G. Ries, C. Schmidt, H. Hillmann, J. Rudolph, Proc. of the 8th Symp. on Eng. Prob, of Fusion Eng., IEEE Pub, No. 79CH1441–5-NPS, (1979), p. 1451.Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    M. Suenaga, K. M. Ralls, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4457 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    A. D. Mclnturff,“Treatise on Materials Science and Technology”14, Eds. T. Luhman and D. Dew-Hughes, Academic Press Inc. (1979), p. 99.Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    J. M. Larson, T. S. Luhman and H. F. Merrick in Manufacture of Superconducting Materials American Society of Metals, Metals Park, Ohio (1977), P. 155.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Hillmann
    • 1
  1. 1.VACUUMSCHMELZE GMBHHanauFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations