Autonomic and Behavioral Temperature Regulation as a Part of the Response Complex to Food Scarcity in the Pigeon

  • Joachim Ostheim
  • Werner Rautenberg
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIAS, volume 173)


When faced with periods of food scarcity, an endothermic organism can use a variety of mechanisms for achieving a positive energy balance, or at least a steady state, in which energy intake compensates metabolic costs of survival. In general these mechanisms can be described as followed:
  1. 1)

    Changes in foraging behavior should increase the efficiency of searching for food and/or the utilization of detected sources.

  2. 2)

    Decreased deep body temperature (Tb) and decreased heat production lower energy output, especially the costs of endother-mia, in mammals and birds.

  3. 3)

    Birds can decrease their heat loss to the environment by erection of plumage or by resting at warm places.



Food Scarcity Positive Energy Balance Thermoregulatory Behavior Deep Body Temperature Lower Energy Output 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Ostheim
    • 1
  • Werner Rautenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Zoophysiol.Ruhr-Universität BochumBochum 1Germany

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