Respiration and Gas Exchange in Birds
Lungs of birds are homologous to lungs of mammals, and both are phylogenetically derived from those of their reptilian ancestors. There exist, however, fundamental differences between avian and mammalian lungs in anatomical design, leading to differences in respiratory gas flow pattern and in gas exchange function. The subject has been recently reviewed by Fedde (1976), Scheid (1979, 1982), Scheid and Piiper (1987; in press), Powell and Scheid (in press).
KeywordsMain Bronchus Mammalian Lung Haldane Effect Pco2 Difference Horizontal Septum
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