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Hydrophobic Adsorption Chromatography of Proteins

  • B. H. J. Hofstee
Part of the Biological Separations book series (BIOSEP)

Abstract

Until relatively recently, only one general protein property, i.e., electrical charge in the case of ion exchange adsorbents, was wittingly employed as a parameter for nonspecific adsorption chromatography of proteins. One of the reasons for the delay of investigations of possible hydrophobic effects probably was the assumption that hydrophobic groups of proteins generally are situated in the interior of the native protein molecule and thus are inaccessible. The occurrence of external hydrophobic groups was looked upon as relatively rare. However, recent observations (Klotz, 1970) indicate that the hydrophobic amino acid side chains, including the largest ones such as those of phenylalanine and tryptophan, occur much more frequently on the surface of native protein molecules than had been assumed. These findings are in accord with the “extremely wide range of processes in which hydrophobic bonding plays a critical role” (Dunn andHansch, 1974) and with the observation that in the presence of high salt concentrations many proteins are bound by adsorbents carrying hydrophobic groups (Hofstee, 1973a; Porath et al., 1973; Hjertén, 1973).

Keywords

Protein Mixture Adsorption Chromatography Irreversible Binding Immobilize Ligand Tetraethylammonium Chloride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. H. J. Hofstee
    • 1
  1. 1.Biochemistry DivisionPalo Alto Medical Research FoundationPalo AltoUSA

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