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Regulation of Membrane Transport

  • Steven C. Quay
  • Dale L. Oxender
Part of the Biological Regulation and Development book series (BRD, volume 2)

Abstract

The intracellular levels of most nutrients are carefully controlled to meet the varying demands for nutrients presented by the normal growth cycle of the cell. The cell must balance the increases in nutrient levels (such as, synthesis) with the decreases in these nutrients (metabolism or macromolecular synthesis). Active transport is usually characterized as a process that will increase the cellular level of a nutrient. Most transport processes, however, are reversible to some extent and serve for exit as well as entry of nutrients. In a facilitated diffusion system the influx and efflux capacities are equal. In ative transport systems the coupling of metabolic energy can lead to chemical gradients of transported solutes. Since transport activities alter the cellular levels of nutrients it is important that the cell have a way of regulating them. Regulation of the biosynthesis of various cellular nutrients has been extensively studied in the past, but regulation of transport systems has been largely ignored until recently.

Keywords

Amino Acid Transport Amino Acid Uptake Hexose Transport Amino Acid Transport System Chick Embryo Fibroblast 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven C. Quay
    • 1
  • Dale L. Oxender
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PathologyHarvard Medical School and Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological ChemistryThe University of Michigan Medical SchoolAnn ArborUSA

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