Diagnostic Tests for Cardiovascular Diseases in the Elderly

  • Carl J. Lavie
  • Franz H. Messerli
Part of the Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine book series (DICM, volume 76)


Diagnosing cardiovascular diseases in elderly patients is a major part of the clinical practice of general internists, family physicians, and cardiologists. Although invasive testing usually is the “gold standard” for diagnosing cardiovascular diseases, physicians often desire less invasive and less expensive procedures with fewer risks to help diagnose diseases and to follow patients with known disease. Technological advances have made a wide array of invasive and noninvasive modes of clinical studies available which, if used appropriately, add to our ability to diagnose and treat cardiovascular diseases in elderly patients.


Digital Subtraction Angiography Valvular Heart Disease Cold Pressor Test Carotid Artery Disease Radionuclide Ventriculography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl J. Lavie
  • Franz H. Messerli

There are no affiliations available

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