Consoles are the primary means by which audio signals are mixed, processed, and assigned to the desired output and monitoring channels. Today the term console generally refers to the familiar desklike arrangement of controls. In the early days of electrical recording, rarely more than one or two microphones were used, and the signals were normally routed to a single output channel. (The terms “line out” and “output bus” are also used and refer to the main signal outputs of the system.) The system was simple, consisting of no more than a few volume controls, or faders, some kind of signal level metering, and a few switches for routing the program to the recording machines. Audio transmission systems used in the motion picture industry were more complex from their inception because of the need for recording dialog, sound effects, and music at different times, ultimately mixing them into a single composite sound track.
KeywordsInput Module Read Mode Channel Path Headphone Monitoring Musical Instrument Digital Interface
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