Humans and Their Environment

  • Gaylon S. Campbell
Part of the Heidelberg Science Library book series (HSL)


Human-environment interaction involves the same principles we discussed in Chapter 7. However, we need to look at three additional factors. These are (a) the role of clothing, (b) latent heat loss from sweating, and (c) environments that are comfortable. These can be examined as we consider survival in cold environments, survival in hot environments, and comfort. The variables that we need to consider are metabolic rate, surface area, latent heat exchange, body temperature, and body (clothing and tissue) resistance.


Sweat Rate Vapor Density Equivalent Temperature Metabolic Heat Production Level Walking 
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  1. 8.1
    Darwin, Charles (1832) Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage of H. M.S. Beagle Round the World. London: John Murray. (Quoted in Reference [8.5], Ch. 1.)Google Scholar
  2. 8.2
    Dubois, D. and E. F. Dubois (1915) The measurement of the surface area of Man. Arch. Intern. Med. 15:868–881.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 8.3
    Kerslake, D. McK. (1972) The Stress of Hot Environments. London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
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    Landsberg, H. E. (1969) Weather and Health, an Introduction to Biometeorology. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  5. 8.5
    Newburgh, L. H. (ed.) (1968) ’Physiology of Heat Regulation and The Science of Clothing. New York: Hafner.Google Scholar
  6. 8.6
    Robinson, D. E., G. S. Campbell, and J. R. King (1976) An evaluation of heat exchange in small birds. J. Comp. Physiol. 105:153–166.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gaylon S. Campbell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Soils Program in Biochemistry and BiophysicsWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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