• Gaylon S. Campbell
Part of the Heidelberg Science Library book series (HSL)


Rates of biochemical reactions within an organism are strongly dependent on its temperature. The rates of reactions may be doubled or tripled for each 10 °C increase in temperature within a certain range. Temperatures above or below critical values may result in denaturation of enzymes and death of the organism.


Heat Flux Soil Temperature Heat Flux Density Heat Storage Exchange Surface 
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  1. 2.1
    Baver, L. D., W. H. Gardner, and W. R. Gardner (1972) Soil Physics, 4th Ed. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  2. 2.2
    Geiger, R. (1965) The Climate Near the Ground. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  3. 2.3
    Lawrence, R. S. , G. R. Ochs, and S. F. Clifford (1970) Measurements of atmospheric turbulence relevant to optical propagation. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60:826–830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 2.4
    Lawrence, R. S. , G. R. Ochs, and S. F. Clifford (1972) Use of scintillations to measure average wind across a light beam. Appl. Optics 11:239–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

General Reference for Soil Temperature and Heat Flow

  1. Van Wijk, W. R.(Ed.). (1963) Physics of the Plant Environment. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gaylon S. Campbell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Soils Program in Biochemistry and BiophysicsWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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