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The Plastein Reaction: Fundamentals and Applications

  • Michiko Watanabe
  • Soichi Arai

Abstract

It has long been known that when a protein that has been hydrolysed by a protease is allowed to stand, it is sometimes transformed into a plastic gel-like product. Surprisingly, this phenomenon was first discovered a century ago.1 The product was then named ‘plastein’ and was thought to be formed through a reverse reaction catalysed by the protease. 1,2 It is now known that the substance ‘plastein’ does exist. Also, the term ‘plastein reaction’ is commonly used to refer to the protease-catalysed process involved in the formation of a plastein from a protein hydrolysate or an oligopeptide mixture. However, the definition of the plastein varies somewhat. Tauber3 defined plastein as a protein-like substance occurring in the water-insoluble fraction that results from the centrifugation of an entire plastein reaction product. Wieland4 defined a plastein as an acetone-insoluble fraction from a plastein reaction product. Determann & Kohler5 carried out a plastein reaction with a synthetic oligopeptide and obtained a series of polycondensates as the plastein reaction product. In recent studies conducted in order to develop the plastein reaction for various practical purposes, plastein has often been defined as the precipitate formed when an entire plastein-reaction product is treated with a typical protein denaturant such as trichloroacetic acid (TCA).6–10

Keywords

Ethyl Ester Protein Efficiency Ratio Silver Iodide Amino Acid Ester Gelatin Hydrolysate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michiko Watanabe
    • 1
  • Soichi Arai
    • 2
  1. 1.Food Science Laboratory, Faculty of EducationTokyo Gakugei UniversityKoganei-shi, Tokyo 184Japan
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural ChemistryThe University of TokyoBunkyo- ku, Tokyo 113Japan

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