When one speaks publicly today of a “pro, ” it is almost always in association with sports. The professional athlete is distinguished from the amateur, the most important difference between them lying in the payment of the professional for his performance. The prerequisite for this payment is of course the pro’s fairly high performance level, whose attainment and maintenance demands a training program that absorbs a large part of the time normally available for one’s occupation.
KeywordsEducational System Mathematical Research Private Tutor High Performance Level French Mathematic
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- 1.See Nathan Reingold, Definitions and Speculations: The Professionalization of Science in America in the Nineteenth Century, in: The Pursuit of Knowledge in the Early American Republic (eds. A. Oleson and S. C. Brown), Baltimore — London 1976s, pp. 33–69.Google Scholar
- 2.Magali Sarfatti Larson, The Rise of Professionalism, Berkeley — Los Angeles — London 1977.Google Scholar
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