Laplace’s Method for Ordinary Differential Equations
Transform methods are useful in finding solutions of ordinary differential equations far more complicated than those considered in Chapter 4. In fact, we have already seen in Section 4.4 that an explicit formula for the Bessel function J0(x), defined as the solution of an ordinary differential equation with variable coefficients, may be found with the Laplace transform. One advantage of the technique developed in this chapter, over the simpler method for solution in terms of a power series expansion, is that the transform method gives the solution required directly as an integral representation. In this compact form various properties of, and relations between, different solutions to an equation become quite clear, convenient asymptotic expansions can be obtained directly, and numerical computation may be facilitated. For applications the analytic properties, asymptotic expansions, and ease of computation of a function are of primary interest.
KeywordsOrdinary Differential Equation Bessel Function Integral Representation Analytic Continuation Hermite Polynomial
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