Synthesis of Rare Earth Films and Superlattices

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 163)


The development of the metal molecular beam epitaxy technique has led to synthesis of single crystal rare earth superlattices composed of alternating magnetic rare earths (Gd, Dy) and their nonmagnetic analog Y. Long range, coherent magnetic structures modulated by the superlattice wavelengths were demonstrated for the first time in the synthetic superlattices. These include ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and halimagnetic order. This article reviews the state of art growth techniques, structural characteristics, and magnetic spin structures.


Rare Earth Magnetic Order Reflection High Energy Electron Diffraction Coherency Strain Effusion Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Kwo
    • 1
  1. 1.AT&T Bell LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA

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