Melting and Solidification in Metals Processing

  • Julian Szekely


Melting and solidification phenomena processes play an important role in many metals processing operations. The melting of steel scrap in the basic oxygen furnace (BOF) the melting of copper anodes in an Asarco furnace, ingot solidification, and continuous casting of steel, copper, and aluminum may be quoted as examples.


Latent Heat Continuous Casting Solidification Problem Mushy Zone Solidification Front 
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Suggested Reading


  1. M. C. Flemings, Solidification Processing, McGraw-Hill, New York (1974); good general description of solidification with emphasis on properties.Google Scholar
  2. L. I. Rubenstein, The Stefan Problem, The American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I. (1971); highly mathematical, but very comprehensive treatment of both the analytical and the computational aspects of solidification problems.Google Scholar
  3. H. S. Carlsaw and J. S. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids, Chap. 11, Oxford University Press, New York (1959); an excellent source of analytical solutions for solidification problems.Google Scholar
  4. J. Szekely and N. J. Themelix, Rate Phenomena in Process Metallurgy, Chap. 10, John Wiley, New York (1971); many metallurgical problems.Google Scholar
  5. T. Goodman, in Advances in Heat Transfer, Vol. I, T. F. Irvine and J. P. Harnett, eds., Academic Press, New York (1964); good description of integral profile methods.Google Scholar
  6. J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion, Oxford University Press, New York (1956); good discussion of numerical analysis as applied to partial differential equations.Google Scholar
  7. A. R. Mitchell, Computational Methods in Partial Differential Equations, John Wiley, London (1969).Google Scholar
  8. D. H. Norrie and G. deVries, The Finite Element Method, Academic Press, New York (1973); a useful treatment.Google Scholar

Journal Articles in Selected Areas Continuous Casting

  1. Symposium on Continuous Casting, Chicago, 1973, AIME, New York (1973).Google Scholar
  2. A. W. D. Hills, J. Iron Steel Inst. (London) 203, 18 (1965).Google Scholar
  3. J. K. Brimacombe and F. Weinberg, J. Iron Steel Inst. (London) 211, 24 (1973).Google Scholar
  4. E. A. Mizikar, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 239, 1747 (1967).Google Scholar
  5. S. Asai and J. Szekely, Ironmaking Steelmaking 3, 205 (1975).Google Scholar

Scrap Melting

  1. J. Szekely, Y. K. Chuang, and J. W. Hlinka, Met. Trans. 3, 2825 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. K. Mori and J. Nomura, Tetsu to Hagane 55(5), (1969).Google Scholar

Dissolution of Deoxidants

  1. R. I. L. Guthrie, H. Heinein, and L. Gourtaoyanis, in Symposium on the Physical Chemistry of the Production of Alloy Additives, AIME, New York (1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julian Szekely
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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