Dietary Fiber or Bile-Sequestrant Ingestion and Divalent Cation Metabolism

  • Marie M. Cassidy
  • Don W. Watkins
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 249)


The most rapidly developing area of nutritional science in the past fifteen years has been the study of physiological sequelae of enhanced dietary fiber intake. Original ethnographic observations by Burkitt & Trowell (1975) led to substantive epidemiologic studies relating decreased consumption of fiber to a variety of disease patterns. A major medical advance of the 19th century was the recognition that infectious disease was related to environmental factors. The recognition that chronic noninfective diseases characteristic of modern Western culture and lifestyle are linked to environmental aspects may prove to be the most significant medical advance of the 20th century. There has been considerable growth in knowledge of the effects of fiber on gastrointestinal physiology and function and the utilization of fiber regimens in the treatment of specific human disorders. These include such diseases as those of the cardiovascular system, colon cancer, diabetes and lesser metabolic disorders including obesity, ulcers, and gallstones. For a comprehensive overview of the development and current research activity in this field the reader is referred to the proceedings of three international conferences on the subject held in 1981 (Vahouny & Kritchevsky, 1982), 1984 (Vahouny & Kritchevsky, 1986), and 1988 (Kritchevsky & Anderson, 1988). In the context of the effects of diet fiber or fiber components on mineral balance, a brief summary of accepted definitions of such materials, their analytical determination and the relationship of fiber chemistry to function and the putative mechanisms of action is presented.


Fiber Intake Total Dietary Fiber Dietary Fiber Intake Mineral Balance Urinary Zinc Excretion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie M. Cassidy
  • Don W. Watkins

There are no affiliations available

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