Automatic Integrators and Gas Chromatography

  • Daniel M. Marmion


It is generally desirable to simplify any technical operation. Simplification can mean such things as using less equipment, shortening the time involved, eliminating steps, or automating routine functions. Because of the number and complexity of samples analyzed in many gas-chromatography laboratories, simplification of the analysis is worthwhile. Automatic integration of peak areas can be one way to achieve this simplification.


Poor Resolution Electronic Integrator Digital Integrator Automatic Integrator Unresolved Peak 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    “New Printing Integrator Speed Analysis by Gas Chromatography,” Perkin-Elmer Instrument News, Vol. 9, No. 4, p. 1, 1958.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Z. Bohm, “Analog Integrators for Gas-Chromatographic Apparatus,” J. Chro-matog. 3:265, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Dal Nogare, C.E. Bennett, and J. C. Harden, “A Simple Electromechanical Integrator,” in: V.J. Coates, H.J. Noebels, and I.S. Fagerson, eds., Gas Chromatography, Academic Press, New York, 1958.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    K.W. Gardiner, R.F. Klaver, F. Baumann, and J.F. Johnson, “Gas Chromatographic Chart Integrators,” in: N. Brenner, J.E. Callen, and M.D. Weiss, eds., Gas Chromatography, Academic Press, New York, 1962.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Halasz and W.R. Marx, “Rapid Evaluation of Gas Chromatographic Analytical Data with the Aid of an Automatic Digital Integrator,” Chem. Ing. Tech. 36:1115, 1964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. L. Jackson and C. Entenman, “A Two-Recorder Integrator Readout System for Gas-Liquid Chromatography,” J. Chromatog. 4:435, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.P.H. Jennings, “Recording Integrator for Gas Chromatography,” J. Sci. Inst. 38:55, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.W. Johnson, Jr., “Storage and Complete Computation of Chromatographic Data,” Anal. Chem. 35:521, 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R.D. Johnson, D.D. Lawson, and A. J. Havlik, “Voltageto Frequency Integrators in Gas Chromatography,” J. Gas Chromatog. 3:303, 1965.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. L. Perrine, “A Precision Integrator for Gas Chromatography,” in: H. J. Noebels, R. F. Wall, and N. Brenner, eds., Gas Chromatography, Academic Press, New York, 1961.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. T. Sawyer and J. K. Barr, “Evaluation of Several Integrators for Use in Gas Chromatography,” Anal. Chem. 34:1213, 1962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Strickler and W. S. Gallaway, “Analog Integration Techniques in Chromatographic Analysis,” J. Chromatog. 5:185, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Van der Grinten and A. Dijkstra, “Integration with Ionization Detectors in Gas Chromatography,” Nature 191, 1195:1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel M. Marmion
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial Chemicals Division, Buffalo Dye PlantAllied Chemical CorporationBuffaloUSA

Personalised recommendations