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The Elasticity in the Presence of Diluents

  • C. A. J. Hoeve
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 79)

Abstract

A review is given of the thermoelastic measurements performed on different materials. Basically, all materials can be divided into two groups. For crystalline and glassy materials the enthalpy component of the retractive force is large and the entropy component is small. On the other hand, for amorphous, crosslinked polymers the opposite is true. After corrections are made for volume changes, the energy component is generally small and the entropy component is large. Only rubber-like polymers, whether diluted or not, are known to display the latter behavior. Moreover, these materials generally undergo glass transitions upon cooling. In these physical properites elastin behaves like the latter class. Therefore in the absence of evidence to the contrary, elastin must be considered to be an amorphous, crosslinked polymer displaying rubberlike elasticity.

Keywords

Natural Rubber Rotational State Amorphous Polymer Glassy Material Rubber Elasticity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. J. Hoeve
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryTexas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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