Microscopy and the Study of Wear

  • William A. Glaeser


As soon as man began to use tools, wear became a problem. The history of metallurgy, or man’s continuing quest for tougher and harder materials, can be seen to have been motivated by the desire to have tools, especially if weapons may be categorized as tools, that will hold a sharp edge. To more peaceful ends, farmers once embedded sharp stones in wooden plow faces to increase their useful life. It has only been in the past 50 years, however, that man has recognized the economic impact of wear prevention and done more than just take wear for granted.


Wear Surface Abrasive Wear Wear Debris Wear Scar Adhesive Wear 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Glaeser, W. A. Wear experiments in the scanning electron microscope. Wear 73:371–378 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Calabrese, S. J.; Ling, F. F.; and Murray, S. F. Dynamic wear tests in the SEM. ASLE Transactions 26(4):455–465 (Oct. 1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Huffington, J. D. Abrasion groove sizes and shapes in relation to the mechanism of abrasion. Wear 49:327–337 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Glaeser, W. A. Erosion-corrosion, cavitation and fretting. In NACE Handbook 1, Forms of Corrosion Recognition and Prevention, pp. 71–78, 1982.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Heilman, P.; Don, J.; Sun, T. C.; Glaeser, W. A.; and Rigney, D. A. Sliding wear and transfer. In Wear of Materials 1983, pp. 414–425. ASME 1983.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Glaeser, W. A. Wear measurement technique using surface replication. Wear 40:135–137 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yuzawich, P. M., and Hughes, C. W. An improved technique for removal of oxide scale from fractured surfaces of ferrous materials. Practical Metallography 15:184–195 (1978).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sun, T. Unlubricated friction and wear in dispersion hardened copper systems. Ph.D. dissertation, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 1983.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dautzenberg, J. H., and Zaat, J. H. Quantitative determination of deformation by sliding wear. Wear 23:9–19 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Torrance, A. A. The metallography of worn surfaces and some theories of wear. Wear 50:169–182 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Swahn, H.; Becker, P. C.; and Vingsbo, O. Electron-microscope studies of carbide decay during contact fatigue in ball bearings. Metal Science 35–39 (Jan. 1976).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Osterlund, R., and Vingsbo, O. Phase changes in fatigued ball bearings. Metallurgical Transactions 11A:701–706 (May 1980).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Becker, P. C.; Swahn, H; and Vingsbo, O. Structural changes in ball bearing steel caused by rolling contact fatigue. Mechanique Materiaux Electricite No. 320–321:8–13 (Aug./Sept. 1976).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Boyde, A. Quantitative photogrammetric analysis and qualitative stereoscopic analysis of SEM images. Journal of Microscopy 98:452–471 (Aug. 1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Aggarwal, B. B., and Wher, R. F. Final technical report on development of a 3-D microscale topography system to Office of Naval Research, Contract No. n00014–80-C-0937 (1983).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ruff, A. W.; Ives, L. K.; and Glaeser, W. A. Characterization of wear surfaces and wear debris. In Fundamentals of Friction and Wear of Materials, Proceedings 1980 ASM Materials Science Seminar, pp. 235–289. Metals Park, OH: American Society for Metals, 1980.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ohmae, N. Transmission electron microscope study of the interrelationship between friction and deformation of copper single crystals. In Fundamentals of Tribology, pp. 201–220. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hsu, K. L.; Ahn, T. M.; and Rigney, D. A. Friction, wear and microstructure of unlubricated austenitic stainless steel. In Wear of Materials 1979, pp. 12–26. New York: ASME, 1979.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sun, T. Technique for preparation of wear debris for transmission electron microscopy. Wear 79:385–388 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Seifert, W. W., and Wescott, V. C. A method for the study of wear particles in lubricating oil. Wear 21:27–42 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Christensen, C. On the origin of spherical particles found on fatigue surfaces and ferrograms. Wear 53:189–193 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Godfry, D. Diagnosis of wear mechanisms. In Wear Control Handbook, edited by Peterson, M., and Winer, W., pp. 302–309. New York: ASME, 1980.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • William A. Glaeser
    • 1
  1. 1.Battelle-Columbus DivisionUSA

Personalised recommendations