Use of Microscopy in Failure Analysis

  • Iain Le May


Microscopy is one of the basic tools employed in conducting a failure analysis, its purpose being to examine fracture surfaces (the science of fractography) to determine their morphology and, hence, the mechanisms of fracture. In addition, it is used to examine the microstructure of failed components to determine the phases present, heat treatment, and processing history, as well as the path of the primary and any secondary cracks. Thus, microscopic examination can provide information pinpointing the origin, the path, and the nature of the fracture and whether improper processing, for example, contributed to it.


Fracture Surface Austenitic Stainless Steel Ductile Fracture Failure Analysis Hydrogen Embrittlement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Failure Analysis and Prevention. Metals Handbook, 8th ed., vol. 10. Metals Park, OH: American Society for Metals, 1975.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    McCall, James L., and French, P. M., eds. Metallography in Failure Analysis. New York: Plenum Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Metallography, Structures and Phase Diagrams. Metals Handbook, 8th ed., vol. 8. Metals Park, OH: American Society for Metals, 1973.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fractography and Atlas of Fractographs. Metals Handbook, 8th ed., vol. 9. Metals Park, OH: American Society for Metals, 1974.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Le May, Iain. Principles of Mechanical Metallurgy. New York: Elsevier, 1981.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Waterhouse, R. B. Fretting Corrosion. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1972.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Le May, I., and da Silveira, T. L. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Creep and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, pp. 1117–1133. Swansea: Pineridge Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lynch, S. P. Hydrogen embrittlement and liquid-metal embrittlement in nickel single crystals. Scripta Metall. 13:1051–56 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iain Le May
    • 1
  1. 1.Metallurgical Consulting Services Ltd.USA

Personalised recommendations