Metallography and Welding Process Control

  • C. E. Cross
  • O. Grong
  • S. Liu
  • J. F. Capes


Although welding metallurgy is concerned with the application of well-known metallurgical principles, the conditions existing during welding will be highly different from those prevailing during refining, casting, and forming of metals because of the strong nonisothermal nature of the arc-welding process. As a result, the understanding of the various chemical and physical reactions in arc welding is far less developed than it is for steelmaking, and, hence, predictions of weld microstructures and the resulting mechanical properties based on the consumables/parent plate and operational conditions can be subject at this point to no more than an incomplete theoretical treatment.


Weld Metal Heat Input Weld Pool Fusion Zone Weld Bead 
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Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. E. Cross
    • 1
  • O. Grong
    • 1
  • S. Liu
    • 1
  • J. F. Capes
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Welding ResearchColorado School of MInesUSA

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