Containment and Collection Devices for Oil Slicks

  • David P. Hoult
Part of the Ocean Technology book series (OCTC)


The main engineering features of physical and pneumatic booms operating as oil containment devices in the open sea are discussed. The oil containing capacity of a pneumatic boom is limited by the power available to compress the air. It is suggested that the containment capacity of physical booms is limited by the effective depth of the boom. The results of preliminary experiments are used to establish these ideas. A brief review of the main types of collection systems in use is given.


Wave Field Tidal Current Surface Current Line Source Turbulent Stress 
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  1. 1.
    G. M. Hidy and E. J. Plate, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 26, (1966), 651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Dynamics of The Upper Ocean, O. M. Phillips, Cambridge University Press, 1966, pp 31–43.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    This result was first obtained by G. I. Taylor, Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 231, (1955), 466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Solomon, “Pneumatic Boom for Containing Oil Slicks on The Sea”, M.S. Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, M.I.T., 1969.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Davis, A. Haan, and J. Wong, private communication.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • David P. Hoult
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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