Southern Ocean Waves and Winds Derived from SEASAT Altimeter Measurements

  • Nelly M. Mognard
  • William J. Campbell
  • Robert E. Cheney
  • James G. Marsh
  • Duncan Ross


SEASAT altimeter measurements of significant wave height in the Southern Ocean during August and September 1978 have been examined. Significant wave heights of greater than 10 m were observed. Background levels of 2–4 m indicate generally rougher seas than occur in the North Atlantic during a comparable season. The altimeter data set is examined statistically and the spectrum of the worst case situations is determined parametrically based upon a JONSWAP form of the spectrum. Results of a statistical analysis of the altimeter data are presented together with an evaluation of the probable spectral characteristics based upon a parametric derivation of the spectrum.


Wind Speed Wave Height Surface Wind Southern Ocean Significant Wave Height 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nelly M. Mognard
    • 1
  • William J. Campbell
    • 2
  • Robert E. Cheney
    • 3
  • James G. Marsh
    • 3
  • Duncan Ross
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre National d’Etudes SpatialesGroupe de Recherche de Geodesie SpatialeToulouse, CedexFrance
  2. 2.Cryosphere Interactions Project, USGSUniversity of Puget SoundTacomaUSA
  3. 3.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  4. 4.Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological LaboratoriesNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationMiamiUSA

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