Southern Ocean Waves and Winds Derived from SEASAT Altimeter Measurements
SEASAT altimeter measurements of significant wave height in the Southern Ocean during August and September 1978 have been examined. Significant wave heights of greater than 10 m were observed. Background levels of 2–4 m indicate generally rougher seas than occur in the North Atlantic during a comparable season. The altimeter data set is examined statistically and the spectrum of the worst case situations is determined parametrically based upon a JONSWAP form of the spectrum. Results of a statistical analysis of the altimeter data are presented together with an evaluation of the probable spectral characteristics based upon a parametric derivation of the spectrum.
KeywordsWind Speed Wave Height Surface Wind Southern Ocean Significant Wave Height
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