Urolithiasis pp 497-508 | Cite as

Calcium Oxalate Crystallization in Urothelial-Lined Systems

  • W. B. Gill
  • K. W. Jones
  • K. J. Ruggiero
  • M. C. Fromes


The liquid/solid interface is of fundamental importance in the crystallization of solutes from aqueous systems. Nucleation preferentially occurs at interfaces that inherently present energetically favored sites for the initiation of crystallization1,2. Most crystallization studies have dealt with the nature of the solute and/or the solvent2,4 and have usually ignored consideration of the containers and the nature of the solid surfaces enclosing the systems.


Calcium Oxalate Calcium Oxalate Crystal Sodium Oxalate Normal Urothelium Metastable Limit 
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    A. Van Hook, in: “Crystallization Theory and Practice,” Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, p. 8, (1961).Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. B. Gill
    • 1
  • K. W. Jones
    • 1
  • K. J. Ruggiero
    • 1
  • M. C. Fromes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery (Urology)University of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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