Advertisement

Urolithiasis pp 349-352 | Cite as

Urine Chemistry in Renal Stone Formers in an Area with Soft Drinking Water

  • D. N. Churchill
  • D. P. Black
  • C. M. Maloney
  • M. H. Gault

Abstract

An association between soft drinking water and a higher incidence of urolithiasis has been reported from several countries1,2. A decreased ingestion of calcium could permit an increased gut absorption of oxalate and produce an increased urinary oxalate excretion3. A decreased ingestion of magnesium could result in a decreased urinary excretion of this inhibitor2. The effect of trace elements in drinking water on the incidence of urolithiasis is unknown although zinc and manganese inhibit while silica facilitates the calcification of an organic matrix in vitro4.

Keywords

Water Hardness Calcium Oxalate Renal Stone Oxalate Excretion Urine Oxalate Excretion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    D. N. Churchill, D. Bryant, and M. H. Gault, Ann. Intern. Med. 88:513 (1978).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. A. Rose and E. J. Westbury, Urol. Res. 3:61 (1975).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. M. Zarembski and A. Hodgkinson, Clin. Chim. Acta. 25:1 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. E. Howard and W. C. Thomas, Jr., Am. J. Med. 45:693 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. H. Gault, W. Cohen, C. Eustace, D. Churchill, and I. Senciall, Clin. Chim. Acta, (in press).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Fraser and D. J. Campbell, Clin. Biochem. 5:99 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. J. Mannion, The Peopling of Newfoundland, Institute of Social Economic Research, St. John’s (1977).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. R. Yendt and M. Cohanim, Kid. Int. 13:397 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. W. Dobbie, U. B. Gray, and A. C. Kennedy in: “Abstracts VII Int. Cong. Neph. (Montreal),” (1978).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Hodgkinson, Clin. Sci. Mol. Med. 46:357 (1974).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. N. Lavan, F. C. Neale, and S. Posen, Med. J. Aust. 2:1049 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Masironi, WHO Chronicle 32:382 (1978).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. N. Churchill
    • 1
  • D. P. Black
    • 1
  • C. M. Maloney
    • 1
  • M. H. Gault
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of MedicineMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’sCanada

Personalised recommendations