Urolithiasis pp 325-328 | Cite as

Cause of Primary Bladder Stone in England — A Retrospective Epidemiological Study

  • Scott B. Halstead


Organized studies on primary human bladder stone can be said to have begun on February 20, 1773, when the Board of Governors of the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital in Norwich, England, ordered that the “Apothecary do provide a suitable nest of drawers to deposit the (urinary calculi) extracted in this House to show to strangers, and be referred to occasionally, — and none suffered to be taken away”1.


Dairy Cattle Bladder Stone East North Central Retrospective Epidemiological Study East Riding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Batty Shaw, Med. Hist. 14:221 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Dobson, Chester J. Monk, London (1779).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Marcet, Longman, London (1817).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Smith, Med. Chir. Trans. 11:1 (1821).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Yelloly, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 119:55 (1829).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. England, Underwood, London (1830).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. Cadge, Br. Med. J. II:207 (1874).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Hamilton, in: “Hints for the Treatment of the Principal Diseases of Infancy and Childhood,” Edinburgh (1813).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Anonymous (a grandmother), in: “Advice to Young Mothers on the Physical Education of Children,” Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, London (1823).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. B. Halstead, A. Valyasevi, and P. Umpaivit, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 20:1352 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    “Ministry of Agriculture,” George Edward Eyre and Wellcom Spottiswoode, London (1866).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    I. A. Abt, in: “History of Pediatrics,” Abt-Garrison, eds.,W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia (1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott B. Halstead
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Tropical Medicine and Medical Microbiology John A. Burns School of MedicineUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

Personalised recommendations