Urolithiasis pp 309-313 | Cite as

The Role of Affluence in Recurrent Stone Formation

  • O. Zechner
  • V. Scheiber

Abstract

The formation of urinary calculi is a multifactorial disorder and is the end-product of a number of pathogenetic mechanisms. It has been suggested that stone-formation in the upper urinary tract is a disease of the industrialized countries1. Recently, Robertson2, among others, has drawn attention to a possible relationship between urinary stone-formation and environmental factors. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between aspects of social infra-structure and the incidence of recurrent stone-formation.

Keywords

Income 

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References

  1. 1.
    D. A. Andersen, in: “Proceedings of the Renal Stone Research Symposium,” B. E. C. Nordin and A. Hodgkinson, eds., J. & A. Churchill, Ltd., London (1969).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. G. Robertson, M. Peacock, and P. J. Heyburn, in: “Pathogeneseund Klinik der Harnsteine VI,” W. Vahlensieck and G. Gasser, eds., Dr. D. Steinkopff, Darmstadt (1978).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. G. Robertson, M. Peacock, and P. J. Heyburn in: “Statistische Nachrichten,” 35:12 (1980).Google Scholar
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    W. G. Robertson, P. J. Heyburn, and M. Peacock, Clin. Sei.57:285 (1979).Google Scholar
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    F. L. Coe, in: “Uric Acid,” W. N. Kelley and J. M. Weiner, eds., Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York (1978).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Zechner
    • 1
  • V. Scheiber
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Urology and Institute for Medical Statistics and DocumentationUniversity of Vienna Medical SchoolViennaAustria

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