Urolithiasis pp 1003-1008 | Cite as

Physical Investigations of Urinary Calculi

  • Bridget E. McConville


Urinary calculi have been analyzed at Birmingham University by three separate techniques: autoradiographic analysis using charged particle activation1, electron microscopy2 and a technique hitherto unknown in the field of stone investigations — proton induced characteristic x-ray emission spectroscopy (PIXE). This latter technique has been developed as a method for quantitative analysis of biological material for trace and minor elements3.


Urinary Calculus Physical Investigation Autoradiographic Analysis Charged Particle Activation1 Charge Particle Activation Analysis 
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  1. 1.
    B. E. McConville, Br. J. Urol. (1980) (in press).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. E. McConville, in: “Microbeam Analysis,” D. E. Newbury, ed., San Francisco Press, San Francisco (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. A. Dyson and A. E. Simpson, Proc. Analyt. Div. Chem. Soc. 13:198 (1976).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bridget E. McConville
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamEngland

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