Orthostatic Edema: Diagnosis
In establishing the diagnosis of orthostatic edema, it is necessary both to exclude the presence of the many other known types of edema and to demonstrate that fluids are retained only in the erect posture. A careful history and physical examination will frequently suffice to indicate the cause and type of edema present in a patient complaining of fluid accumulation. Depending on the information elicited, a number of special inquiries, observations, measurements, and laboratory tests may be needed to exclude specific types of edema and to make a positive diagnosis of orthostatic edema.
KeywordsUpright Posture Sodium Excretion Varicose Vein Thiamine Deficiency Constrictive Pericarditis
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